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419419

Sigma-Aldrich

Chitosan

high molecular weight

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Synonym(s):
Deacetylated chitin, Poly(D-glucosamine)
CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

form

(Coarse ground flakes and powder)

mol wt

310000-375000 Da

viscosity

800-2000 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

solubility

H2O: insoluble
organic solvents: insoluble

InChI

1S/C56H103N9O39/c1-87-56(86)65-28-38(84)46(19(10-74)96-55(28)104-45-18(9-73)95-49(27(64)37(45)83)97-39-12(3-67)88-47(85)20(57)31(39)77)103-54-26(63)36(82)44(17(8-72)94-54)102-53-25(62)35(81)43(16(7-71)93-53)101-52-24(61)34(80)42(15(6-70)92-52)100-51-23(60)33(79)41(14(5-69)91-51)99-50-22(59)32(78)40(13(4-68)90-50)98-48-21(58)30(76)29(75)11(2-66)89-48/h11-55,66-85H,2-10,57-64H2,1H3,(H,65,86)/t11-,12-,13-,14-,15-,16-,17-,18-,19-,20-,21-,22-,23-,24-,25-,26-,27-,28-,29-,30-,31-,32-,33-,34-,35-,36-,37-,38-,39-,40-,41-,42-,43-,44-,45-,46-,47-,48+,49+,50+,51+,52+,53+,54+,55+/m1/s1

InChI key

FLASNYPZGWUPSU-SICDJOISSA-N

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This Item
448877C3646448869
Chitosan high molecular weight

Sigma-Aldrich

419419

Chitosan

Chitosan medium molecular weight

Sigma-Aldrich

448877

Chitosan

Chitosan from shrimp shells, ≥75% (deacetylated)

Sigma-Aldrich

C3646

Chitosan

Chitosan low molecular weight

Sigma-Aldrich

448869

Chitosan

solubility

H2O: insoluble, organic solvents: insoluble

solubility

dilute aqueous acid: soluble

solubility

acetic acid: water: 10 mg/mL, slightly hazy to hazy (with extensive sonication), H2O: insoluble, organic solvents: insoluble

solubility

dilute aqueous acid: soluble

mol wt

310000-375000 Da

mol wt

-

mol wt

-

mol wt

50,000-190,000 Da (based on viscosity)

viscosity

800-2000 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

viscosity

200-800 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

viscosity

-

viscosity

20-300 cP, 1 wt. % in 1% acetic acid(25 °C, Brookfield)(lit.)

Application

Forms gels with multivalent anions. Gives clear solutions that dry to strong, clear films.

Features and Benefits

Biocompatible, antibacterial and environmentally friendly polyelectrolyte with a variety of applications including water treatment, chromatography, additives for cosmetics, textile treatment for antimicrobial activity, novel fibers for textiles, photographic papers, biodegradable films, biomedical devices, and microcapsule implants for controlled release in drug delivery.

Physical form

>75% deacetylated

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

nwg

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Javiera F Rubilar et al.
International journal of biological macromolecules, 104(Pt A), 197-203 (2017-06-08)
Controlled release of antimicrobial and antioxidant compounds from packaging films is of utmost importance for extending the shelf-life of perishable foods. This study focused on the mathematical modeling of gallic acid release into an aqueous medium from three chitosan films
Antonia G Moutzouri et al.
BioMed research international, 2014, 740726-740726 (2014-07-06)
Cell adhesion on substrates is accompanied by significant changes in shape and cytoskeleton organization, which affect subsequent cellular and tissue responses, determining the long-term success of an implant. Alterations in osteoblast stiffness upon adhesion on orthopaedic implants with different surface
A D Anastasiou et al.
Acta biomaterialia, 71, 86-95 (2018-02-21)
A radical new methodology for the exogenous mineralization of hard tissues is demonstrated in the context of laser-biomaterials interaction. The proposed approach is based on the use of femtosecond pulsed lasers (fs) and Fe3+-doped calcium phosphate minerals (specifically in this
Luís Filipe-Ribeiro et al.
Data in brief, 17, 1201-1217 (2018-06-08)
Data in this article presents the changes on phenolic compounds and headspace aroma abundance of a red wine spiked with 4-ethylphenol and 4-ethylguaiacol and treated with a commercial crustacean chitin (CHTN), two commercial crustacean chitosans (CHTB, CHTD), one fungal chitosan
Jianjun Miao et al.
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 28(9), 4396-4403 (2012-02-09)
Extracorporeal filter cartridges, filled with an activated carbon bead (ACB) adsorbent, have been used for removal of overdosed cancer drugs from the blood. Coatings on adsorbent matrices, poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/activated carbon bead and PMMA/chitosan/heparin/ACB composites, were tested to improve their

Articles

The development of new medical devices and pharmaceuticals plays an integral role in the medical industry. Both natural and synthetic polymers possess benefits that make them valuable components in therapeutics.

Microparticles with controlled size and morphology are of significant interest in the fields of drug delivery and biopharmaceuticals. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of processing parameters on the ability to control the size and distribution of chitosan based microparticles, targeting diameter range of 1-10 µm. The effect of encapsulating bovine serum albumin (BSA), a model protein, as well as sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP), a cross-linker, was studied.

Chitin, a natural polysaccharide, is the second most abundant natural biopolymer in the world, after cellulose.

Chitosan is a naturally occurring polysaccharide ideally suited for use in medical supplies, devices, therapeutics, and diagnostics. The unique natural characteristics of chitosan include its cationic, biocompatible, biodegradable, non-toxic, non-immunogenic, and antimicrobial properties.

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