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440914

Sigma-Aldrich

2,2′-Azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride

granular, 97%

Synonym(s):
α,α′-Azodiisobutyramidine dihydrochloride, AAPH
Linear Formula:
[=NC(CH3)2C(=NH)NH2]2·2HCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
271.19
Beilstein:
3718854
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

assay

97%

form

granular

t1/2

10 hr(56 °C)

mp

175-177 °C (lit.)

solubility

acetone, dioxane, methanol, ethanol, DMSO and water: soluble

SMILES string

Cl.Cl.CC(C)(\N=N\C(C)(C)C(N)=N)C(N)=N

InChI

1S/C8H18N6.2ClH/c1-7(2,5(9)10)13-14-8(3,4)6(11)12;;/h1-4H3,(H3,9,10)(H3,11,12);2*1H/b14-13+;;

InChI key

LXEKPEMOWBOYRF-QDBORUFSSA-N

Packaging

25, 100 g in poly bottle

Application

Free radical initiator.
Polymerization initiator for acrylic, vinyl and allyl monomers.

Features and Benefits

Undergoes first order decomposition to a cationic radical. Decomposes on exposure to UV. Compatible with cationic surfactants. Decomposition rate is pH dependent

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Self-heat. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A Nakajima et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 403(7), 1961-1970 (2012-05-01)
The characteristics of the spin-trapping reaction in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)-electron spin resonance (ESR) assay were examined, focusing on the kind of spin traps. 2,2-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) was used as a free radical initiator. The spin adducts of...
Ju-Young Ko et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 52, 113-120 (2012-11-14)
We investigated the effects of bioactive-peptides from hydrolysates of flounder fish muscle (FFM) on antioxidant activity. The hydrolysates were prepared by enzymatic reactions of FFM using eight commercial proteases such as papain, pepsin, trypsin, neutrase, alcalase, kojizyme, protamex, and α-chymotrypsin....
Rong-Rong He et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e57732-e57732 (2013-03-08)
It is now well established that the developing embryo is very sensitive to oxidative stress, which is a contributing factor to pregnancy-related disorders. However, little is known about the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the embryonic cardiovascular system...
Olivier Mozziconacci et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 25(9), 1842-1861 (2012-06-21)
Glutathione thiyl radicals (GS(•)) were generated in H(2)O and D(2)O by either exposure of GSH to AAPH, photoirradiation of GSH in the presence of acetone, or photoirradiation of GSSG. Detailed interpretation of the fragmentation pathways of deuterated GSH and GSH...
Jia-Yu Wang et al.
Biomacromolecules, 13(9), 2616-2623 (2012-07-20)
PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymers have opposing effects on lipid membrane integrity: they can behave either as membrane sealants or as membrane permeabilizers. To gain insights into their biomembrane activities, the fundamental interactions between a series of PEO-based polymers and phospholipid vesicles...

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Protocols

Preparation of Monodisperse Polymer Spheres

Monodisperse, surfactant-free polymer spheres for use as colloidal crystal templates can be easily obtained in reasonably large quantities. Typical synthesis methods for poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(styrene) (PS) by emulsifier free emulsion polymerization are described below and yield spheres several hundred nanometers in diameter.

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