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2,2′-Azobis(2-methylpropionamidine) dihydrochloride

granular, 97%

α,α′-Azodiisobutyramidine dihydrochloride, AAPH
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level






10 hr(56 °C)


175-177 °C (lit.)


acetone, dioxane, methanol, ethanol, DMSO and water: soluble

SMILES string




InChI key



25, 100 g in poly bottle


Free radical initiator.
Polymerization initiator for acrylic, vinyl and allyl monomers.

Features and Benefits

Undergoes first order decomposition to a cationic radical. Decomposes on exposure to UV. Compatible with cationic surfactants. Decomposition rate is pH dependent

Signal Word


Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Self-heat. 1 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

A Nakajima et al.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, 403(7), 1961-1970 (2012-05-01)
The characteristics of the spin-trapping reaction in the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)-electron spin resonance (ESR) assay were examined, focusing on the kind of spin traps. 2,2-Azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) was used as a free radical initiator. The spin adducts of...
Ju-Young Ko et al.
Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association, 52, 113-120 (2012-11-14)
We investigated the effects of bioactive-peptides from hydrolysates of flounder fish muscle (FFM) on antioxidant activity. The hydrolysates were prepared by enzymatic reactions of FFM using eight commercial proteases such as papain, pepsin, trypsin, neutrase, alcalase, kojizyme, protamex, and α-chymotrypsin....
Rong-Rong He et al.
PloS one, 8(3), e57732-e57732 (2013-03-08)
It is now well established that the developing embryo is very sensitive to oxidative stress, which is a contributing factor to pregnancy-related disorders. However, little is known about the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the embryonic cardiovascular system...
Olivier Mozziconacci et al.
Chemical research in toxicology, 25(9), 1842-1861 (2012-06-21)
Glutathione thiyl radicals (GS(•)) were generated in H(2)O and D(2)O by either exposure of GSH to AAPH, photoirradiation of GSH in the presence of acetone, or photoirradiation of GSSG. Detailed interpretation of the fragmentation pathways of deuterated GSH and GSH...
Jia-Yu Wang et al.
Biomacromolecules, 13(9), 2616-2623 (2012-07-20)
PEO-PPO-PEO triblock copolymers have opposing effects on lipid membrane integrity: they can behave either as membrane sealants or as membrane permeabilizers. To gain insights into their biomembrane activities, the fundamental interactions between a series of PEO-based polymers and phospholipid vesicles...


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Tools for Performing ATRP

Tools for Performing ATRP

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Applying ARGET ATRP to the Growth of Polymer Brush Thin Films by Surface-initiated Polymerization

Applying ARGET ATRP to the Growth of Polymer Brush Thin Films by Surface-initiated Polymerization


Preparation of Monodisperse Polymer Spheres

Monodisperse, surfactant-free polymer spheres for use as colloidal crystal templates can be easily obtained in reasonably large quantities. Typical synthesis methods for poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and poly(styrene) (PS) by emulsifier free emulsion polymerization are described below and yield spheres several hundred nanometers in diameter.

Concepts and Tools for RAFT Polymerization

Sigma-Aldrich presents an article about RAFT, or Reversible Addition/Fragmentation Chain Transfer, which is a form of living radical polymerization.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via RAFT

We presents an article featuring procedures that describe polymerization of methyl methacrylate and vinyl acetate homopolymers and a block copolymer as performed by researchers at CSIRO.

Typical Procedures for Polymerizing via ATRP

An article about the typical procedures for polymerizing via ATRP, which demonstrates that in the following two procedures describe two ATRP polymerization reactions as performed by Prof. Dave Hadddleton′s research group at the University of Warwick.

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