Zirconium(IV) oxide-yttria stabilized

greener alternative

submicron powder, 99.9% trace metals basis (purity excludes ~2% HfO2)

Yttrium stabilized zirconium oxide, Yttria stabilized zirconia, YSZ
Linear Formula:
ZrO2 · Y2O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


99.9% trace metals basis (purity excludes ~2% HfO2)


submicron powder


~8 wt. % yttria as stabilizer

greener alternative product characteristics

Design for Energy Efficiency
Learn more about the Principles of Green Chemistry.

particle size

~700 nm

surface area

5.0-9.0 m2/g


>2,600 °C (lit.)

Featured Industry

Battery Manufacturing

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General description

Zirconium(IV) oxide-yttria stabilized (YSZ) (submicron powder) is an oxygen ion conductor with properties such as good ionic conductivity and high physiochemical stability. Its other properties include excellent shock resistance, low thermal conductivity and a high coefficient of thermal expansion.
Yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) is the most commonly used solid electrolyte for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) and oxygen sensors. YSZ exhibits high oxygen-ionic conductivity while blocking electronic conduction. YSZ particles may be synthesized from yttrium nitrate or isopropoxide by the sol gel method. YSZ nanoparticles may be prepared in supercritical water (SCW). YSZ nanoparticles of different sizes with varying % mol of yttria may be obtained by CO2 laser based continuous/pulsed laser vaporization method.


Collagen-yttria-stabilized amorphous zirconia hybrid scaffolds may be developed. YSZ thin films may be used as thermal barrier coatings on combustors, stationary and rotating components of gas turbines or diesel engines. 6
YSZ can be used for a variety of applications such as:
  • a thermal barrier coating for the protection and insulation of metal components in gas turbines
  • an electrolyte in the fabrication of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs)
  • in the fabrication of zirconia dental implant abutments
  • membranes for micro energy conversion devices
  • a solid acid and a catalyst for catalytic applications

Electrolyte material for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC).


100, 500 g in glass bottle
Packaged in glass bottles


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Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements


Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system


11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Thermal expansion coefficient of yttria stabilized zirconia for various yttria contents
Hayashi H, et al.
Solid State Ionics, 176(5-6), 613-619 (2005)
Influence of microstructure on the ionic conductivity of yttria-stabilized zirconia electrolyte
Chen XJ, et al.
Materials Science & Engineering. A, Structural Materials : Properties, Microstructure and Processing, 335(1-2), 246-252 (2002)
Impedance spectroscopy of pellets made from yttria stabilized zirconia nanoparticles generated via CW and pulsed mode of laser vaporization method
Khare J, et al.
Ceramics International, 40(9) Part B, 14677-14685 (2014)
Fracture resistance of yttria-stabilized zirconia dental implant abutments
Adatia ND, et al.
Journal of Prosthodontics : Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists, 18(1), 17-22 (2009)
Yttria-stabilized zirconia thermal barrier coatings?a review
Chen LB
Surface Review and Letters, 13(05), 535-544 (2006)
As with all types of fuel cells, a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) is capable of efficiently transforming chemical energy into electrical energy.
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