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Sigma-Aldrich

Gold(III) chloride hydrate

~50% Au basis

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Synonym(s):
Auric chloride, Chloroauric acid, Hydrogen tetrachloroaurate(III) hydrate, Tetrachloroauric(III) acid
Linear Formula:
HAuCl4 · aq
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
339.79 (anhydrous basis)
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

form

powder or crystals

concentration

~50% Au

color

yellow

density

3.9 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

O.Cl.Cl[Au](Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/Au.4ClH.H2O/h;4*1H;1H2/q+3;;;;;/p-3

InChI key

OVJUDSKPNIBLOO-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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This Item
254169G4022520918
density

3.9 g/mL at 25 °C

density

3.9 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

-

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

concentration

~50% Au

concentration

-

concentration

≥49.0% Au

concentration

-

color

yellow

color

-

color

-

color

-

General description

Gold (III) chloride hydrate,also known as chloroauric acid, is used as precursor to synthesize gold nanoparticles. It also exihibits very high catalytic activity.

Application

Used as a catalyst in asymmetric aldol reactions, diboration of vinylarenes, dehydrogenative dimerizations of trialkystannanes, carbonylation of olefins and amines, C-C, C-O bond couplings, oxidation of sulfides, selective oxidation of thioethers.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Met. Corr. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2 Oral

Target Organs

Kidney

Storage Class Code

8B - Non-combustible, corrosive hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Customers Also Viewed

Raquel Casado et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125(39), 11925-11935 (2003-09-25)
Different inorganic and organometallic gold(III) and gold(I) complexes have been tested in the addition of water and methanol to terminal alkynes. Anionic and neutral organometallic gold(III) compounds can efficiently mediate these reactions in neutral media in refluxing methanol. The compounds
The crystal structure of gold (III) chloride
Acta Crystallographica, 11(4), 248-288 (1958)

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