563919

Sigma-Aldrich

Aluminum chloride

anhydrous, powder, 99.999% trace metals basis

Synonym(s):
Aluminum(III) chloride, Trichloroaluminum, Aluminium trichloride
Linear Formula:
AlCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
133.34
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
38120507
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

Quality Level

grade

anhydrous

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 100 °C)

assay

99.999% trace metals basis

form

powder

reaction suitability

reagent type: catalyst
core: aluminum

impurities

≤ 15.0  ppm Trace Metal Analysis

mp

190 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cl[Al](Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/Al.3ClH/h;3*1H/q+3;;;/p-3

InChI key

VSCWAEJMTAWNJL-UHFFFAOYSA-K

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General description

Aluminum chloride (AlCl3) is a pure compound formed by the exothermic reaction of metallic aluminum and hydrogen chloride (HCl) in the temperature range of 650-750 °C. It is majorly utilized as a catalyst in Friedel-Crafts reactions.

Application

AlCl3 can be used as a catalyst in a variety of reactions such as polymerization, isomerization, Gettermann-Koch reaction and Lewis-acid catalyzed reaction for the preparation of ethylbenzene, anthraquinone and a variety of compounds, which can be used in the development of detergents.

Packaging

5, 25 g in ampule

Features and Benefits

The vapor-phase co-reductions with other metal halides by hydrogen results in finely divided intermetallics with applications as structural materials or compounds with useful thermoelectric, magnetic, and oxidation-resistance properties. Aluminum nitride can be synthesized from the elemnts with AlCl3 added to help facilitate crystallization.

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Supp Hazards

EUH014

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 1726 8 / PGII

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis
Certificate of Origin
Aluminium, Gallium, Indium and Thallium
Chemistry of elements, 216-267 (1997)
Reactions of Diazirines with Aluminum Chloride: Lewis Acid-Mediated Carbene Generation and Friedel- Crafts Reactions
Moss RA, et al.
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 122(40), 9878-9879 (2000)
Reaction of xylenes with tert.-butylchloride in presence of anhydrous aluminium chloride
Ismail M, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 106(47), 12140-12143 (2008)
Low-temperature modification of mesoporous MCM-41 material with sublimated aluminum chloride in vacuum
Xu M, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 106(47), 12140-12143 (2002)
Lewis-acid catalyzed ene reactions
Snider BB
Accounts of Chemical Research, 13(11), 426-432 (1980)
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