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577928

Sigma-Aldrich

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide solution

1 M in toluene

Synonym(s):
LiHMDS, Hexamethyldisilazane lithium salt
Linear Formula:
[(CH3)3Si]2NLi
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
167.33
Beilstein:
3567910
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

Quality Level

concentration

1 M in toluene

density

0.860 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

[Li]N([Si](C)(C)C)[Si](C)(C)C

InChI

1S/C6H18NSi2.Li/c1-8(2,3)7-9(4,5)6;/h1-6H3;/q-1;+1

InChI key

YNESATAKKCNGOF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide solution (LiHMDS) is generally used in organic synthesis as a non-nucleophilic strong Bronsted base.

Application

LiHMDS can be used as a reagent:
  • In the deprotonation and nucleophilic difluoromethylation reactions.
  • To synthesize isoquinoline derivatives by the addition of N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) to the α-benzyl tosylmethyl isocyanides.
  • To prepare arylboronic acid pinacol esters by the reaction of aryl fluorides with bis(pinacolato)diboron via palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reaction.

Lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide is generally used in organic synthesis as a non-nucleophilic strong Brønsted base. It can be used for salt metathesis reaction for the synthesis of cesium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide (CsHMDS) and lithium fluoride by reacting with cesium fluoride.

Packaging

100, 800 mL in Sure/Seal™

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Self-heat. 1 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

4.2 - Pyrophoric and self-heating hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

48.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

8.9 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Structural Studies of Cesium, Lithium/Cesium, and Sodium/Cesium Bis (trimethylsilyl) amide (HMDS) Complexes
Ojeda-Amador AI, et al.
Inorganic Chemistry, 55(11), 5719-5728 (2016)
LiHMDS-Promoted Palladium or Iron-Catalyzed ipso-Defluoroborylation of Aryl Fluorides
Zhao X, et al.
Organic Letters, 38(18), 25-44 (2011)
Synthesis of 1-Substituted Isoquinolines by Heterocyclization of TosMIC Derivatives: Total Synthesis of Cassiarin A
Gutierrez S, et al.
Organic Letters, 38(18), 187-208 (2016)
Development of synthetic routes to dolutegravir
Syntheses of Heterocyclic Compounds Synthesis of Heterocycles in Contemporary Medicinal Chemistry, 38(18), 3187-3188 (1997)
Selective fluoroalkylation of organic compounds by tackling the ?negative fluorine effect?
Fluorous chemistry, 38(18), 187-208 (2016)

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