All Photos(2)

695114

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenanthrene

sublimed grade, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
[3]Helicene, Ravatite
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C14H10
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
178.23
Beilstein:
1905428
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.23

grade

sublimed grade

Quality Level

assay

≥99.5%

form

crystals
powder and chunks
tubes

bp

340 °C (lit.)

mp

98-100 °C (lit.)

density

1.063 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

c1ccc2c(c1)ccc3ccccc23

InChI

1S/C14H10/c1-3-7-13-11(5-1)9-10-12-6-2-4-8-14(12)13/h1-10H

InChI key

YNPNZTXNASCQKK-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Phenanthrene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) which consists of three benzene rings that are prepared by Bardhan-Sengupta phenanthrene synthesis. Its properties include low volatility, high toxicity and resistance to microbial biodegradation.

Packaging

1, 5 g in glass bottle

Pictograms

Exclamation markEnvironment

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Phenanthrene (2012)
Bardhan-Sengupta Synthesis
Comprehensive Organic Name Reactions and Reagents (2010)
Biodegradation of phenanthrene in river sediment
Yuan SY, et al.
Chemosphere, 43(3), 273-278 (2001)
Jennifer R McKelvie et al.
Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 175, 75-81 (2013-01-23)
We evaluated the correlation between soil organic carbon (OC) content and metabolic responses of Eisenia fetida earthworms after exposure to phenanthrene (58 ± 3 mg/kg) spiked into seven artificial soils with OC contents ranging from 1 to 27% OC. Principal...
Marino Marinković et al.
Environmental science & technology, 46(22), 12679-12686 (2012-11-07)
Cellular stress responses are frequently presumed to be more sensitive than traditional ecotoxicological life cycle end points such as survival and growth. Yet, the focus to reduce test duration and to generate more sensitive end points has caused transcriptomics studies...

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