Pd-PEPPSI-IPent catalyst


[1,3-Bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)dichloropalladium(II), Dichloro[1,3-bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)palladium(II), [1,3-Bis(2,6-Di-3-pentylphenyl)imidazol-2-ylidene](3-chloropyridyl)palladium(II) dichloride
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level



reaction suitability

core: palladium
reaction type: Buchwald-Hartwig Cross Coupling Reaction
reaction type: Heck Reaction
reaction type: Hiyama Coupling
reaction type: Negishi Coupling
reaction type: Sonogashira Coupling
reaction type: Stille Coupling
reaction type: Suzuki-Miyaura Coupling
reagent type: catalyst


195-201 °C

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key



  • Catalyst for Stille coupling reaction (eq. 1)
  • Catalyst for Negishi coupling reaction (eq. 2)
  • Catalyst for Suzuki coupling reaction (eq. 3)
Reaction scheme for Pd catalyst PEPPSI<SUP>™</SUP>-IPent used in cross coupling reaction


250 mg in glass bottle
1, 5 g in glass bottle

Legal Information

Patented, U.S. Pat. No. 7,250,510. Sold under an exclusive license from Total Synthesis Ltd.
PEPPSI is a trademark of Total Synthesis Ltd.


Exclamation mark

Signal Word


Hazard Statements


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Cory Valente et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 51(14), 3314-3332 (2012-01-31)
Palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions enable organic chemists to form C-C bonds in targeted positions and under mild conditions. Although phosphine ligands have been intensively researched, in the search for even better cross-coupling catalysts attention has recently turned to the use of...
Michael G Organ et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 48(13), 2383-2387 (2009-02-20)
Incredible Bulk: A series of N-heterocyclic carbene catalysts (see picture) were prepared and evaluated in the Suzuki-Miyaura reaction. A variety of sterically encumbered tetra-ortho-substituted biaryl products were formed from unreactive aryl chlorides using the isopentyl-substituted catalyst at temperatures ranging from...
Meenakshi Dowlut et al.
Chemistry (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany), 16(14), 4279-4283 (2010-03-09)
The reactivity of Pd-PEPPSI (Pyridine, Enhanced, Precatalyst, Preparation, Stabilization, and Initiation) precatalysts in the Stille-Migita cross-coupling reaction between heteroaryl stannanes and aryl or heteroaryl halides was evaluated. In general, Pd-PEPPSI-IPent (IPent=diisopentylphenylimidazolium derivative) demonstrated high efficiency over a variety of challenging...
Pd-PEPPSI-IPent: low-temperature negishi cross-coupling for the preparation of highly functionalized, tetra-ortho-substituted biaryls.
Selçuk Calimsiz et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 49(11), 2014-2017 (2010-02-18)
Colin Chih-Chien Wu et al.
Molecular cell, 73(5), 959-970 (2019-01-29)
Ribosomes undergo substantial conformational changes during translation elongation to accommodate incoming aminoacyl-tRNAs and translocate along the mRNA template. We used multiple elongation inhibitors and chemical probing to define ribosome conformational states corresponding to differently sized ribosome-protected mRNA fragments (RPFs) generated...
Professor Mike Organ and co-workers have developed the PEPPSI™ (Pyridine-Enhanced Precatalyst Preparation Stabilization and Initiation) precatalysts for palladium-catalyzed cross-coupling reactions.
Read More
Professor Mike Organ at York University, along with co-workers Dr. Chris O’Brien and Dr. Eric Kantchev, have developed an palladium N-heterocyclic-carbene (NHC) catalyst system. They reacted PdCl2with a bulky NHC ligand, 2,6-diisopropylphenyllimidazolium chloride (IPr), and an α-donating 3-chloropyridine ligand for stability. The title complex, PEPPSI™, stands for Pyridine-Enhanced Precatalyst Preparation Stabilization and Initiation. Sigma-Aldrich offesr gram-scale quantities of the PEPPSI™ catalyst in collaboration with the Organ research group.
Read More
All of the preformed catalysts used in the kit are air and moisture stable complexes in their commercially available form.
Read More
Multiple tools have been created to ensure your success with kit set up. Start with the more detailed guide to ensure you are comfortable with all of the steps before using the quick guides on the excel worksheet. Remember that while the technique is new, it is still organic chemistry and so the steps will seem easy once you try just one kit. It is just a new way of approaching something you are already very good at.
Read More

Our team of scientists has experience in all areas of research including Life Science, Material Science, Chemical Synthesis, Chromatography, Analytical and many others.

Contact Technical Service

Social Media

LinkedIn icon
Twitter icon
Facebook Icon
Instagram Icon


Research. Development. Production.

We are a leading supplier to the global Life Science industry with solutions and services for research, biotechnology development and production, and pharmaceutical drug therapy development and production.

© 2021 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved.

Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission.