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765309

Sigma-Aldrich

Gold nanoparticles

10 nm diameter, amine functionalized, PEG 5000 coated, OD 50, dispersion in H2O

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Synonym(s):
Gold nanoparticles NH2 functionalized, Au NP NH2, Gold Colloid
NACRES:
NA.23

material

PEG 5000

Quality Level

form

dispersion in H2O
nanoparticles

packaging

glass bottle of 1 mL

OD

50

diameter

10 nm

pH

6.0-8.0 (25 °C)

solubility

water: miscible

density

1.00 g/cm3

λmax

520 nm

functional group

amine

storage temp.

2-8°C

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765341
Gold nanoparticles 10 nm diameter, amine functionalized, PEG 5000 coated, OD 50, dispersion in H2O

Sigma-Aldrich

765309

Gold nanoparticles

Gold nanoparticles 20 nm diameter, amine functionalized, PEG 5000 coated, OD 50, dispersion in H2O

Sigma-Aldrich

765341

Gold nanoparticles

functional group

amine

functional group

amine

material

PEG 5000

material

PEG 5000

packaging

glass bottle of 1 mL

packaging

poly bottle of 1 mL

OD

50

OD

50

diameter

10 nm

diameter

20 nm

General description

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) ranging from 2-200nm in diameter find applications in diverse fields. They show excellent biocompatibility and attractive physicochemical properties. Poly (ethylene) glycol (PEG) surface coatings on gold nanoparticles help in the reduction of protein adsorption, reduce nonspecific interactions with cells and greatly improve the pharmokinetics of these nanoparticles and reduce aggregation of the nanoparticles. PEG layer density depends inversely on the AuNP curvature. Denser coating was possible on smaller AuNPs. AuNPs coated with PEG 5000 exhibited highest colloidal stability. Amine functionalized GNPs which have Poly Ethylene Glycol (PEG) as the ligand or carrier molecule forms a conjugate with siRNA and is extremely useful in RNAi technology. Since it adheres to cell membranes, it may find use in cellular and intracellular targeting in targeted drug delivery applications and also used in biodistribution studies.

Application

Functionalized particles have been extensively used to study cellular uptake of nanoparticles and targeted drug delivery.
Several other specific applications have been listed below:
  • Since they adhere to cell membranes, AuNPs may be used in cellular and intracellular targeting in targeted drug delivery applications and can also be used in biodistribution studies
  • AuNPs may also be used in photothermal therapy and radiotherapy
  • Proposed applications of gold nanoparticles are as:drug delivery agents for cancer therapy, coatings, plastics, nanowire, nanofiber, textiles, catalyst applications.
  • They may also be used in carrying siRNA which acts against human prostate carcinoma cells by inhibiting a specific cancer gene.

Features and Benefits

  • A negatively charged siRNA-PEG complex, attached to positively charged GNPs, is easily cleavable in reductive cytosolic environment thus enabling the release of siRNA into cytosol.
  • The PEG coating decreases the cytotoxicity and increases efficiency of GNPs. PEG increases the stability of the nanoparticles and prevents agglomeration.

Storage Class Code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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Articles

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