P53306

Sigma-Aldrich

Propyl gallate

97%

Synonym(s):
3,4,5-Trihydroxybenzoic acid propyl ester
Linear Formula:
3,4,5-(HO)3C6H2CO2CH2CH2CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
212.20
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1877976
EC Number:
MDL number:

assay

97%

mp

146-149 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCOC(=O)c1cc(O)c(O)c(O)c1

InChI

1S/C10H12O5/c1-2-3-15-10(14)6-4-7(11)9(13)8(12)5-6/h4-5,11-13H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

ZTHYODDOHIVTJV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Used as an anti-fade reagent in fluorescence microscopy to reduce photobleaching of fluorescent probes such as rhodamine and fluorescein.

Biochem/physiol Actions

An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis.
An antioxidant that exhibits antimicrobial activity. Propyl gallate has been reported to be an effective antioxidant-based hepatoprotector, both in vitro and in vivo. It has also been shown to prevent neuronal apoptosis and block the death of neurons exposed to FeSO4/GA as well as partially protect endothelial cells against TNF-induced apoptosis. However, propyl gallate induced single strand breaks in DNA at concentrations higher than 0.25 μM when it was combined with copper concentrations at 5 μM and above. Another report, however, found that incubation of isolated rat hepatocytes with propyl gallate at concentrations of >1 mM induced cell killing, whereas, a lower concentration of propyl gallate > 0.5 mM resulted in a ladder formation of soluble low-molecular weight DNA fragments, characteristic of apoptosis.

Reconstitution

Prepare a 0.1M solution in glycerol:PBS (9:1)

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Tanvir Hussain et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 44(11), 4654-4660 (2009-08-12)
A series of new 3-[4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl) phenyl]prop-2-en-1-ones were synthesized by the condensation of various acetophenones with 4-(1H-imidazol-1-yl) benzaldehyde which was itself prepared by the N-arylation of imidazole using hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide as catalyst for the first time. All the synthesized compounds were...
Matloob Ahmad et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 45(2), 698-704 (2009-12-08)
A series of potential anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial N'-arylmethylidene-2-(3,4-dimethyl-5,5-dioxidopyrazolo[4,3-c][1,2]benzothiazin-2(4H)-yl)acetohydrazides was synthesized in a facile way starting from commercially available saccharine. 3,4-Dimethyl-2,4-dihydropyrazolo[4,3-c][1,2]benzothiazine 5,5-dioxide was obtained by ring expansion of 2-(2-oxopropyl)-1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 1,1-dioxide followed by N-methylation and cyclization with hydrazine using ultrasonic irradiation. N-alkylation...
Imtiaz Khan et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 45(11), 5200-5207 (2010-09-11)
New series of 4,5-disubstituted-2,4-dihydro-3H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiones (8a-j) and 2,5-disubstituted-1,3,4-thiadiazoles (9a-h) were synthesized by dehydrative cyclization of hydrazinecarbothioamide derivatives (7a-k) by refluxing in 4N aqueous sodium hydroxide and by overnight stirring with polyphosphoric acid, respectively. The structures of the newly synthesized compounds were...
P C Leal et al.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters, 19(6), 1793-1796 (2009-02-24)
The antifungal activity of a complete series of 15 n-alkyl gallates and six analogues acting against a representative panel of opportunistic pathogenic fungi was studied in order to analyze their role in: the importance of the fungi tested, the importance...
Atta-ur-Rahman et al.
Journal of natural products, 68(2), 189-193 (2005-02-26)
Phytochemical investigation of the stem bark extract of Boswellia papyrifera afforded two new stilbene glycosides, trans-4',5-dihydroxy-3-methoxystilbene-5-O-{alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), trans-4',5-dihydroxy-3-methoxystilbene-5-O-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->6)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2), and a new triterpene, 3alpha-acetoxy-27-hydroxylup-20(29)-en-24-oic acid (3), along with five known compounds, 11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (4), beta-elemonic acid (7), 3alpha-acetoxy-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (8)...

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