W310301

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Valerolactone

≥99%, FCC, FG

Synonym(s):
γ-Methyl-γ-butyrolactone, 4,5-Dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone, 4-Hydroxypentanoic acid lactone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H8O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.12
FEMA Number:
3103
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
80420
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
757
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
10.013
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC

vapor density

3.45 (vs air)

assay

≥99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.)
82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

cocoa; herbaceous; woody; sweet; warm

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CC1CCC(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C5H8O2/c1-4-2-3-5(6)7-4/h4H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

GAEKPEKOJKCEMS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

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Related Categories

General description

γ-Valerolactone has been identified as one of the volatile flavor constituents in mango and honey.

Packaging

10 kg in composite drum
1 kg in poly bottle
5 kg in steel drum

Other Notes

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Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

204.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

96 °C - closed cup

Importance of some lactones and 2, 5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3 (2H)-furanone to mango (Mangifera indica L.) aroma.
Wilson III CW, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 38(7), 1556-1559 (1990)
M Iwata et al.
International archives of occupational and environmental health, 51(3), 253-260 (1983-01-01)
n-Hexane is one of the solvents widely used in industry and well known to be neurotoxic. Recently it was clearly revealed that n-hexane is metabolized in vivo and its metabolites are excreted in the urine. However, the relationship between the...
Conversion of hemicellulose into furfural using solid acid catalysts in γ-valerolactone.
Elif I Gürbüz et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 52(4), 1270-1274 (2012-12-06)
Floral origin markers of heather honeys: Erica arborea and Calluna vulgaris.
Guyot C, et al.
Food Chemistry, 64(1), 3-11 (1999)
S Hein et al.
FEMS microbiology letters, 153(2), 411-418 (1997-08-15)
The aim of this study was the production of the homopolyester poly(4-hydroxybutyric acid) (poly(4HB)) with recombinant strains of Escherichia coli. Wild-type strains and other widely used non-recombinant strains of E. coli are not able to produce polyhydroxyalkanoic acids (PHA) as...
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