B103608

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Butyrolactone

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
4-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone, gamma-Butyrolactone, γ-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone, GBL
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C4H6O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
105248
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22
Pricing and availability is not currently available.

Quality Level

vapor density

3 (vs air)

vapor pressure

1.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

autoignition temp.

851 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.436 (lit.)

bp

204-205 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

density

1.12 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

O=C1CCCO1

InChI

1S/C4H6O2/c5-4-2-1-3-6-4/h1-3H2

InChI key

YEJRWHAVMIAJKC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

For the introduction of 3-carboxypropyl side chain. Used as a component of electrolyte solutions in batteries and capacitors.

Packaging

20 kg in VerSA-Flow™
25, 500 g in glass bottle
2.5 kg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Precursor of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB). It blocks dopamine release by blocking impulse flow in dopaminergic neurons. Pretreatment with γ-butyrolactone allows detection of autoreceptor-induced dopamine release.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Hazard Codes

Xn

Risk Statement

22-41-67

Safety Statement

26-39

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Journal of Power Sources, 43, 195-195 (1993)
S Ohkawa et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 34(1), 267-276 (1991-01-01)
A novel series of (3-pyridylmethyl)benzoquinone derivatives was molecular designed and synthesized for the dual purpose of inhibiting thromboxane A2 and leukotriene biosynthesis enzymes and scavenging active oxygen species (AOS). They were evaluated for inhibition of TXA2 synthase, inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase...
Jagan N Thupari et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 99(14), 9498-9502 (2002-06-13)
C75, a known inhibitor of fatty acid synthase is postulated to cause significant weight loss through decreased hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) production. Peripherally, C75, an alpha-methylene-gamma-butyrolactone, reduces adipose tissue and fatty liver, despite high levels of malonyl-CoA. To investigate this...
Christian Westendorf et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(10), 3853-3858 (2013-02-23)
The rapid reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton in response to external stimuli is an essential property of many motile eukaryotic cells. Here, we report evidence that the actin machinery of chemotactic Dictyostelium cells operates close to an oscillatory instability. When...
Bo Xue et al.
Biochemistry, 52(13), 2359-2370 (2013-03-07)
The in vitro evolution and engineering of quorum-quenching lactonases with enhanced reactivities was achieved using a thermostable GKL enzyme as a template, yielding the E101G/R230C GKL mutant with increased catalytic activity and a broadened substrate range [Chow, J. Y., Xue...
Protocols
-Cymene; 2,5-Dimethylpyrrole; Acetoin, ≥96%, FCC, FG; 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine; 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine; 2-Ethylpyrazine, ≥98%, FG; 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine; 4-Heptanone; 3-Ethylpyridine; 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine; Furfural; Pyrrole; Furfuryl acetate; Linalool; Linalyl acetate; 5-Methylfurfural; γ-Butyrolactone; 2-Acetyl-1-methylpyrrole; Furfuryl alcohol; 2-Acetylpyrrole; Pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde
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