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C56352

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Chloro-2-methylpropane

99%

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Synonym(s):
tert-Butyl chloride
Linear Formula:
(CH3)3CCl
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.57
Beilstein:
1730872
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

3.2 (vs air)

vapor pressure

4.82 psi ( 20 °C)

Assay

99%

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.385 (lit.)

bp

51-52 °C (lit.)

mp

−25 °C (lit.)

density

0.851 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(C)(C)Cl

InChI

1S/C4H9Cl/c1-4(2,3)5/h1-3H3

InChI key

NBRKLOOSMBRFMH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
19780B888028.01550
form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.385 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.385 (lit.)

refractive index

n20/D 1.421 (lit.)

refractive index

-

bp

51-52 °C (lit.)

bp

51-52 °C (lit.)

bp

127-129 °C (lit.)

bp

-

mp

−25 °C (lit.)

mp

−25 °C (lit.)

mp

-

mp

-28 °C

density

0.851 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.851 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.969 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

density

0.84 g/cm3 at 20 °C

Application

  • 2-Chloro-2-methylpropane is an alkylating agent that is used to functionalize molecules with tert-butyl group.
  • It serves as an effective chlorinating agent, in combination with the ionic liquid, 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide for converting alcohols into chlorides.
  • It can also be used to prepare tert-butyl ethers by treating with corresponding alcohols.

Pictograms

Flame

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Flam. Liq. 2

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

-14.8 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-26 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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