trans,trans-Muconic acid


trans,trans-1,3-Butadiene-1,4-dicarboxylic acid, trans,trans-2,4-Hexadienedioic acid
Linear Formula:
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level




320 °C (lit.)


290 °C (dec.) (lit.)

SMILES string




InChI key


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1, 10 g in glass bottle

Other Notes

Tandem Mass Spectrometry data independently generated by Scripps Center for Metabolomics is available to view or download in PDF. M90003.pdf Tested metabolites are featured on Scripps Center for Metabolomics METLIN Metabolite Database. To learn more, visit sigma.com/metlin.

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Francesco Marchetti et al.
Environmental health perspectives, 120(2), 229-234 (2011-11-17)
Benzene is an industrial chemical that causes blood disorders, including acute myeloid leukemia. We previously reported that occupational exposures near the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration permissible exposure limit (8 hr) of 1 ppm was associated with sperm aneuploidy....
Nancy B Hopf et al.
International archives of occupational and environmental health, 85(3), 261-271 (2011-06-15)
Characterize ethylbenzene and xylene air concentrations, and explore the biological exposure markers (urinary t,t-muconic acid (t,t-MA) and unmetabolized toluene) among petroleum workers offshore. Offshore workers have increased health risks due to simultaneous exposures to several hydrocarbons present in crude oil....
A Bartczak et al.
Journal of toxicology and environmental health, 42(3), 245-258 (1994-07-01)
Muconic acid (MA) is a urinary metabolite of benzene and has been used as a biomarker of exposure to benzene in humans exposed to levels as low as 1 ppm. We have modified a high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) based assay...
Sirirat Chanvaivit et al.
Mutation research, 626(1-2), 79-87 (2006-11-11)
Exposure to benzene can cause DNA damage and the subsequent development of cancer. In this study, study subjects were 31 laboratory workers at a petrochemical factory and 31 gasoline service attendants. Control subjects were 34 workers from a mail sorting...
G Scherer et al.
Journal of chromatography. B, Biomedical sciences and applications, 717(1-2), 179-199 (1998-12-01)
Benzene is an important industrial chemical and, due to its occurrence in mineral oil and its formation in many combustion processes, a widespread environmental pollutant. Since benzene is hematoxic and has been classified as a human carcinogen, monitoring and control...

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