2-Pyridinealdoxime methiodide


Pralidoxime iodide, 2-PAM iodide, 2-PAM
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
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PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level




220 °C (dec.) (lit.)

storage temp.


SMILES string




InChI key


Gene Information

human ... ACHE(43)


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Signal Word


Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Kevin G McGarry et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 174(1), 124-132 (2019-12-28)
Organophosphorus (OP) compounds, which include insecticides and chemical warfare nerve agents (CWNAs) such as sarin (GB) and VX, continue to be a global threat to both civilian and military populations. It is widely accepted that cholinesterase inhibition is the primary...
Sílvia Sisó et al.
Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology, 157(2), 330-341 (2017-03-23)
Similar to organophosphate (OP) nerve agents, diisopropylfluorophosphate (DFP) rapidly and irreversibly inhibits acetylcholinesterase, leading to convulsions that can progress to status epilepticus (SE). However, in contrast to the OP nerve agents, the long-term consequences of DFP-induced SE are not well...
Kimberly D Spradling et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 8, 84-84 (2011-07-23)
Although the acute toxicity of organophosphorus nerve agents is known to result from acetylcholinesterase inhibition, the molecular mechanisms involved in the development of neuropathology following nerve agent-induced seizure are not well understood. To help determine these pathways, we previously used...
Kazuhito Nomura et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 15834-15834 (2020-09-29)
Whether central apnoea or hypopnoea can be induced by organophosphorus poisoning remains unknown to date. By using the acute brainstem slice method and multi-electrode array system, we established a paraoxon (a typical acetylcholinesterase inhibitor) poisoning model to investigate the time-dependent...
Jay Spampanato et al.
Epilepsia, 60(7), 1387-1398 (2019-05-28)
Exposure to organophosphates (OPs) and OP nerve agents (NAs) causes status epilepticus (SE) and irreversible brain damage. Rapid control of seizure activity is important to minimize neuronal injury and the resulting neurological and behavioral disorders; however, early treatment will not...

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