W222100

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyric acid

≥99%, FG

Synonym(s):
Butanoic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
88.11
FEMA Number:
2221
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
906770
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
5
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.005
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 182.60

vapor density

3.04 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.43 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

824 °F

expl. lim.

10 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

pH

2 (25 °C, 10 g/L)
3 (20 °C, 10  g/L)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−6-−3 °C (lit.)

density

0.964 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

cheese; fruity; buttery

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H8O2/c1-2-3-4(5)6/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

FERIUCNNQQJTOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... HDAC1(3065)

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General description

Butyric acid is a volatile fatty acid that can be used as a flavoring agent. It has fruity or cheesy flavor and is mainly found in dairy products.

Packaging

10, 25 kg in composite drum
1 kg in glass bottle

Other Notes

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Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 2820 8 / PGIII

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

161.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

72 °C - closed cup

Burdock GA
Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives, 1, 359-360 (1997)
Effect of fat content on odor intensity of three aroma compounds in model emulsions: ?-decalactone, diacetyl, and butyric acid.
Guyot C, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 44(8), 2341-2348 (1996)
Hans G Cruz et al.
Nature neuroscience, 7(2), 153-159 (2004-01-28)
The rewarding effect of drugs of abuse is mediated by activation of the mesolimbic dopamine system, which is inhibited by putative anti-craving compounds. Interestingly, different GABA(B) receptor agonists can exert similarly opposing effects on the reward pathway, but the cellular...
Ada Rephaeli et al.
International journal of cancer, 116(2), 226-235 (2005-04-01)
AN-7, a prodrug of butyric acid, induced histone hyperacetylation and differentiation and inhibited proliferation of human prostate 22Rv1 cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. In nude mice implanted with these cells, 50 mg/kg AN-7 given orally thrice a week...
Svenja Plöger et al.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1258, 52-59 (2012-06-27)
Butyrate production in the large intestine and ruminant forestomach depends on bacterial butyryl-CoA/acetate-CoA transferase activity and is highest when fermentable fiber and nonstructural carbohydrates are balanced. Gastrointestinal epithelia seem to use butyrate and butyrate-induced endocrine signals to adapt proliferation, apoptosis...
Articles
Separation of Propionic acid; Acetic acid; Heptanoic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid; Isovaleric acid
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Separation of Methyl oleate; Caprylic acid; Heptanoic acid; Methyl decanoate; Methyl dodecanoate; Myristic acid; Methyl palmitate; Methyl palmitoleate; Methyl stearate; Methyl linoleate; Methyl linolenate; Acetic acid; Arachidic acid; Behenic acid; Propionic acid; Isobutyric acid; Valeric acid; Isovaleric acid; Isocaproic acid; Butyric acid
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Protocols
In this study, SPME was used for the analysis of free fatty acids in Parmesan cheese using a 65 μm Carbowax/divinylbenzene (DVB) SPME fiber. Headspace extraction of the cheese sample was conducted at 65 °C for 15 minutes and analyzed by GC with FID detection. SPME is ideal for analyzing the volatiles associated with solid food samples. The phase chemistry of the Nukol GC column provides excellent peak shape of acidic compounds.
Read More
Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate
Read More

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