W222119

Sigma-Aldrich

Butyric acid

natural, ≥99%, FCC, FG

Linear Formula:
CH3CH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
88.11
FEMA Number:
2221
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
906770
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
5c
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.005
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher
natural

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117

vapor density

3.04 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.43 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

824 °F

expl. lim.

10 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

pH

2 (25 °C, 10 g/L)
3 (20 °C, 10  g/L)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−6-−3 °C (lit.)

density

0.964 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

cheese; fruity; buttery

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CCCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H8O2/c1-2-3-4(5)6/h2-3H2,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

FERIUCNNQQJTOY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... HDAC1(3065)

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General description

Butyric acid is a volatile fatty acid that can be used as a flavoring agent. It has fruity or cheesy flavor and is mainly found in dairy products.

Packaging

1 kg in glass bottle
5, 10, 25 kg in composite drum

Other Notes

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Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN 2820 8 / PGIII

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

161.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

72 °C - closed cup

Burdock GA
Encyclopedia of Food and Color Additives, 1, 359-360 (1997)
Effect of fat content on odor intensity of three aroma compounds in model emulsions: ?-decalactone, diacetyl, and butyric acid.
Guyot C, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 44(8), 2341-2348 (1996)
Effects of volatile fatty acid concentrations on methane yield and methanogenic bacteria
Wang Y, et al
Biomass and Bioenergy, 33(5), 848-853 (2009)
Gili Berkovitch et al.
Journal of medicinal chemistry, 51(23), 7356-7369 (2008-11-15)
Multifunctional acyloxyalkyl ester prodrugs of 5-aminolevulinic acid in cancer cell lines inhibited the proteasome and induced apoptosis and heme synthesis. The most potent prodrug was butyryloxymethyl 5-amino-4-oxopentanoate (1a). The metabolically released formaldehyde from the prodrugs was the dominant factor affecting...
Svenja Plöger et al.
Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1258, 52-59 (2012-06-27)
Butyrate production in the large intestine and ruminant forestomach depends on bacterial butyryl-CoA/acetate-CoA transferase activity and is highest when fermentable fiber and nonstructural carbohydrates are balanced. Gastrointestinal epithelia seem to use butyrate and butyrate-induced endocrine signals to adapt proliferation, apoptosis...

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