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W248703

Sigma-Aldrich

Formic acid

≥95%, FCC, FG

Linear Formula:
HCOOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.03
FEMA Number:
2487
Beilstein:
1209246
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
1
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.001

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

Agency/Method

meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 172.515

vapor density

1.6 (vs air)

vapor pressure

44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥95%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1004 °F

expl. lim.

57 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.370 (lit.)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 2.2  g/L)

bp

100-101 °C (lit.)

mp

8.2-8.4 °C (lit.)

density

1.22 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.004%

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

pungent; vinegar

food allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

OC=O

InChI

1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)

InChI key

BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Formic acid is one of the main volatile flavor compounds in black tea. It is also one of the main odor-active compounds in acid-hydrolyzed soy sauce.

Packaging

1 kg in glass bottle
5, 10, 25 kg in composite drum

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1A

Supplementary Hazards

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

121.1 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

49.5 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Volatile Compounds in Fermented and Acid?hydrolyzed Soy Sauces.
Lee SM, et al.
Journal of Food Science, 71(3) (2006)
Volatile flavor of black tea: Part I. Formation of volatile components during black tea manufacture.
Saij? R & Kuwabara Y.
Agricultural and Biological Chemistry, 31(4), 389-396 (1967)
J Liesivuori et al.
Pharmacology & toxicology, 69(3), 157-163 (1991-09-01)
Metabolism of methanol, methyl ethers, esters and amides give rise to formic acid. This acid is an inhibitor of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase causing histotoxic hypoxia. Formic acid is a weaker inhibitor than cyanide and hydrosulphide anions. The body burden...
Tasqiah Julianti et al.
Journal of ethnopharmacology, 155(1), 426-434 (2014-06-04)
Leaf decoctions of Carica papaya have been traditionally used in some parts of Indonesia to treat and prevent malaria. Leaf extracts and fraction have been previously shown to possess antiplasmodial activity in vitro and in vivo. Antiplasmodial activity of extracts...
Yoann Rombouts et al.
Annals of the rheumatic diseases, 74(1), 234-241 (2013-10-10)
To determine whether anticitrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA) exhibit specific changes in Fc glycosylation prior to the onset of arthritis. Serum samples of patients with ACPA-positive arthralgia (n=183) were collected at baseline and at various time points of follow-up. 105 patients...

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