W248908

Sigma-Aldrich

Furfural

≥98%, FCC, FG

Synonym(s):
2-Furaldehyde, Furan-2-carboxaldehyde
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H4O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
96.08
FEMA Number:
2489
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
105755
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
2014
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
13.018
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

FG
Halal
Kosher

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 175.105

vapor density

3.31 (vs air)

vapor pressure

13.5 mmHg ( 55 °C)

assay

≥98%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

599 °F

expl. lim.

19.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.525 (lit.)

bp

162 °C (lit.)

mp

−36 °C (lit.)

density

1.16 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

almond; baked; bread; woody; sweet

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)c1ccco1

InChI

1S/C5H4O2/c6-4-5-2-1-3-7-5/h1-4H

InChI key

HYBBIBNJHNGZAN-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

Packaging

5, 25 kg in composite drum
1 kg in glass bottle

Other Notes

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Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

136.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

58 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Jean-Paul Lange et al.
ChemSusChem, 5(1), 150-166 (2012-01-04)
Furfural offers a promising, rich platform for lignocellulosic biofuels. These include methylfuran and methyltetrahydrofuran, valerate esters, ethylfurfuryl and ethyltetrahydrofurfuryl ethers as well as various C(10)-C(15) coupling products. The various production routes are critically reviewed, and the needs for improvements are...
Reetta Karinen et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(8), 1002-1016 (2011-07-06)
Furfurals are important intermediates in the chemical industry. They are typically produced by homogeneous catalysis in aqueous solutions. However, heterogeneously catalyzed processes would be beneficial in view of the principles of green chemistry: the elimination of homogeneous mineral acids makes...
Gang Cao et al.
Food chemistry, 140(1-2), 273-279 (2013-04-13)
The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effect of 5-HMF on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) injured by high glucose in vitro, and the mechanism underlying this process. Our results demonstrated that high glucose-induced oxidative stress...
Jianghua He et al.
ChemSusChem, 6(1), 61-64 (2012-12-12)
It's nano: Small and uniform chromium nanoparticles, either preformed or generated in situ, effectively catalyze the conversion of glucose into 5-hydroxymethyl furfural. The results compare favorably with those achieved by using a catalyst system based on divalent CrCl(2) in ionic...
Arvind H Jadhav et al.
Bioresource technology, 132, 342-350 (2013-02-26)
Acidity modified silver exchanged silicotungstic acid (AgSTA) catalyst was prepared and characterized by X-ray diffraction, FT-IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, FT-IR pyridine adsorption, SEM imaging, EDX mapping, and antimicrobial activity was also tested. The catalytic activity was evaluated for the dehydration...
Protocols
Separation of 5-Hydroxymethyl-2-furaldehyde; Furfuryl alcohol; Furfural; 2-Furyl methyl ketone; 5-Methyl-2-furaldehyde
Read More
HPLC Analysis of Furans on Ascentis<sup>®</sup> Express C18
Read More
Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate
Read More
-Cymene; 2,5-Dimethylpyrrole; Acetoin, ≥96%, FCC, FG; 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine; 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine; 2-Ethylpyrazine, ≥98%, FG; 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine; 4-Heptanone; 3-Ethylpyridine; 2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine; Furfural; Pyrrole; Furfuryl acetate; Linalool; Linalyl acetate; 5-Methylfurfural; γ-Butyrolactone; 2-Acetyl-1-methylpyrrole; Furfuryl alcohol; 2-Acetylpyrrole; Pyrrole-2-carboxaldehyde
Read More

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