All Photos(1)

W261114

Sigma-Aldrich

Lactic acid

natural, ≥85%

Synonym(s):
DL-Lactic acid, 2-Hydroxypropionic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH(OH)COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
90.08
FEMA Number:
2611
Beilstein:
1209341
Council of Europe no.:
4c
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
8.004
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

Halal
Kosher
natural

Agency/Method

follows IFRA guidelines

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
FDA 21 CFR 117

assay

≥85%

form

liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.425 (lit.)

pH

2

bp

122 °C/15 mmHg (lit.)

density

1.209 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Fe: ≤10.0 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤10 ppm

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Featured Industry

Flavors and Fragrances

Organoleptic

odorless

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

CC(O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

JVTAAEKCZFNVCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Related Categories

General description

Remaining 15% contains: water, higher oligomers of lactic acid and other FEMA GRAS components
Lactic acid is commonly used as a preservative in milk products and also as a flavoring agent.

Packaging

5, 10 kg in poly drum
1 kg in poly bottle

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients, 221-221 (2012)
Stephen Yiu Chuen Choi et al.
The Journal of pathology, 230(4), 350-355 (2013-06-05)
The common preference of cancers for lactic acid-generating metabolic energy pathways has led to proposals that their reprogrammed metabolism confers growth advantages such as decreased susceptibility to hypoxic stress. Recent observations, however, suggest that it generates a novel way for...
Paula Gaspar et al.
Biotechnology advances, 31(6), 764-788 (2013-04-10)
The lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are a functionally related group of low-GC Gram-positive bacteria known essentially for their roles in bioprocessing of foods and animal feeds. Due to extensive industrial use and enormous economical value, LAB have been intensively studied...
Eileen F O' Shea et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(2), 130-134 (2013-01-23)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) produce a wide variety of antimicrobial peptides (bacteriocins) which contribute to the safety and preservation of fermented foods. This review discusses strategies that have been or could be employed to further enhance the commercial application of...
Raffaella Di Cagno et al.
Food microbiology, 33(1), 1-10 (2012-11-06)
Lactic acid fermentation represents the easiest and the most suitable way for increasing the daily consumption of fresh-like vegetables and fruits. Literature data are accumulating, and this review aims at describing the main features of the lactic acid bacteria to...

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