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W310301

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Valerolactone

≥99%, FCC, FG

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Synonym(s):
γ-Methyl-γ-butyrolactone, 4,5-Dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone, 4-Hydroxypentanoic acid lactone
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C5H8O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.12
FEMA Number:
3103
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
80420
EC Number:
Council of Europe no.:
757
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
10.013
NACRES:
NA.21

biological source

synthetic

Quality Level

grade

FG
Fragrance grade
Halal
Kosher

agency

follows IFRA guidelines
meets purity specifications of JECFA

reg. compliance

EU Regulation 1223/2009
EU Regulation 1334/2008 & 178/2002
FCC

vapor density

3.45 (vs air)

assay

≥99%

refractive index

n20/D 1.432 (lit.)

bp

207-208 °C (lit.)
82-85 °C/10 mmHg (lit.)

mp

−31 °C (lit.)

density

1.05 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

organoleptic

cocoa; herbaceous; woody; sweet; warm

SMILES string

CC1CCC(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C5H8O2/c1-4-2-3-5(6)7-4/h4H,2-3H2,1H3

InChI key

GAEKPEKOJKCEMS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... CYP1A2(1544)

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1 of 4

This Item
W310311V403W255602
vibrant-m

W310301

γ-Valerolactone

vibrant-m

W310311

γ-Valerolactone

vibrant-m

V403

γ-Valerolactone

vibrant-m

W255602

γ-Hexalactone

organoleptic

cocoa; herbaceous; woody; sweet; warm

organoleptic

cocoa; herbaceous; woody; sweet; warm

organoleptic

-

organoleptic

coconut; coumarin; creamy; sweet

biological source

synthetic

biological source

-

biological source

-

biological source

synthetic

food allergen

no known allergens

food allergen

no known allergens

food allergen

-

food allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

fragrance allergen

-

fragrance allergen

-

fragrance allergen

no known allergens

agency

follows IFRA guidelines, meets purity specifications of JECFA

agency

-

agency

-

agency

follows IFRA guidelines, meets purity specifications of JECFA

General description

γ-Valerolactone has been identified as one of the volatile flavor constituents in mango and honey.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

204.8 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

96 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Reactive extraction of levulinate esters and conversion to γ-valerolactone for production of liquid fuels.
Elif I Gürbüz et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(3), 357-361 (2011-03-12)
Yan Zhao et al.
Bioresource technology, 114, 740-744 (2012-04-18)
In the present study, γ-valerolactone (GVL) is firstly reported to be converted into aromatic hydrocarbons through catalytic pyrolysis. The catalysts and reaction conditions are both critical in maximizing the hydrocarbon selectivity. Four zeolites, i.e. MCM-41, β-zeolite, ZSM-5 and HZSM-5 were
Importance of some lactones and 2, 5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3 (2H)-furanone to mango (Mangifera indica L.) aroma.
Wilson III CW, et al.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 38(7), 1556-1559 (1990)
Akiko Takagaki et al.
Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 75(3), 582-585 (2011-03-11)
The antioxidative activities of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) metabolites degraded by rat intestinal flora were investigated by a flow injection analysis coupled to an on-line antioxidant detection system with the 2,2'-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) radical cation. All of the metabolites were
Jean-Paul Lange et al.
Chemical communications (Cambridge, England), (33)(33), 3488-3490 (2007-08-19)
Methyl pentenoate, a promising Nylon intermediate, is produced in >95% yield via the transesterification of gamma-valerolactone, a bio-based intermediate, under catalytic distillation conditions.

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