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W519103

Sigma-Aldrich

Methyl formate

≥95%

Synonym(s):
Formic acid methyl ester
Linear Formula:
HCO2CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
60.05
Beilstein:
1734623
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
Flavis number:
9.642
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

vapor density

2.1 (vs air)

assay

≥95%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

842 °F

expl. lim.

23 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.343 (lit.)

pH

4.0-5.0 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

bp

32-34 °C (lit.)

mp

−100 °C (lit.)

density

0.974 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

Organoleptic

fruity; plum

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

food allergen

no known allergens

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)OC

InChI

1S/C2H4O2/c1-4-2-3/h2H,1H3

InChI key

TZIHFWKZFHZASV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Methyl formate finds application as a fumigant in raisins and dried currants.

Packaging

25 kg in composite drum
1 kg in glass bottle
Winter R
A Consumer's Dictionary of Food Additives, 352-352 null
Alexandre Faure et al.
The Journal of chemical physics, 135(2), 024301-024301 (2011-07-20)
A potential energy surface for helium interacting with methyl formate has been computed using high-level electronic structure methods. The interaction energies obtained on a three-dimensional grid have been fitted by an analytic function of interatomic distances with correct asymptotic behavior
A Nihlén et al.
International archives of occupational and environmental health, 73(7), 479-487 (2000-11-01)
A toxicokinetic (TK) model was developed to describe the inhalation exposure in humans to methyl formate (MF), a catalyst used in foundries, and to discuss biological monitoring. The TK model consisted of four compartments: MF, the metabolites--methanol (MeOH) and formic
Hiroya Yurimoto et al.
Yeast (Chichester, England), 21(4), 341-350 (2004-03-26)
Methyl formate synthesis during growth on methanol by methylotrophic yeasts has been considered to play a role in formaldehyde detoxification. An enzyme that catalyses methyl formate synthesis was purified from methylotrophic yeasts, and was suggested to belong to a family
Søren T Larsen et al.
Archives of toxicology, 86(2), 285-292 (2011-10-05)
Methyl formate (MF) is a volatile solvent with several industrial applications. The acute airway effects of MF were evaluated in a mouse bioassay, allowing the assessment of sensory irritation of the upper airways, airflow limitation of the conducting airways and

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