Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (Plant), powder

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:


>99% (TLC)




pkg of 1 × 5 mg (840523P-5mg)
pkg of 2 × 5 mg (840523P-10mg)
pkg of 5 × 5 mg (840523P-25mg)


Avanti Polar Lipids 840523P

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.


General description

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) are the two nonionic lipid constituents of the thylakoid membrane of higher plant chloroplasts. MGDG and DGDG are present in the membrane at 56% and 29%, respectively, of the total lipid content. DGDG is a bilayer-forming lipid, while MGDG alone will only form hexagonal-II structures.
Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthesis involves generation of monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDG) from diacylglycerol (DAG) in the presence of MGlcDG synthase. The second step is epimerization of MGlcDG to MGDG. It forms nonbilayer structures and is also associated with algae and fungi.


Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) may be used:
  • in bicelles preparation for nuclear magnetic resonance studies
  • in the generation of structured MGDG for pinolenic acid enrichment
  • in the preparation of liposomes
  • as a lipid standard in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography-ion mobility mass spectrometry (HILIC-IM-MS)

Biochem/physiol Actions

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) synthesis is essential for chloroplast biogenesis. It is also needed for synchronizing photosynthesis associated plastid and nucleus related gene expression. MGDG is essential for membrane lipid homeostasis during stress. In food industry, MGDG serves as an enhancer in baking and as an non-ionic emulsifier.


5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-5mg)
5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-10mg)
5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840523P-25mg)


13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Fluorescence Microscopy of Single Liposomes with Incorporated Pigment-Proteins
Tutkus M, et al.
Langmuir, 34(47), 14410-14418 (2018)
New membrane mimetics with galactolipids: lipid properties in fast-tumbling bicelles
Ye W, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 117(4), 1044-1050 (2013)
Identification of plant-like galactolipids in Chromera velia, a photosynthetic relative of malaria parasites
BotteCY, et al.
The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 286(34), 29893-29903 (2011)
Jiwon Kim et al.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 66(30), 8079-8085 (2018-07-13)
We enzymatically prepared structured monogalactosydiacylglycerols (MGDGs) enriched in pinolenic acid (PLA). PLA-enriched free fatty acids (FFAs) containing ∼86 mol % PLA were produced from an FFA fraction obtained from pine nut oil (PLA content, ∼13 mol %) by urea crystallization....
Manuela Lenti et al.
Natural product research, 23(8), 754-762 (2009-05-07)
The mono- and the digalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG and DGDG) galactolipids with a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly omega-3, have been purified from the thermophilic blue-green alga ETS-05 that colonises the therapeutic thermal mud of Abano and Montegrotto, Italy. The...

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