Digalactosyldiacylglycerol (Plant), powder

CAS Number:


>99% (TLC)



mol wt

~926.77 g/mol (average based on fatty acid distribution)


pkg of 1 × 5 mg (840524P-5mg)
pkg of 2 × 5 mg (840524P-10mg)
pkg of 5 × 5 mg (840524P-25mg)


Avanti Polar Lipids 840524P

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.


SMILES string


General description

Monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) are the two nonionic lipid constituents of the thylakoid membrane of higher plant chloroplasts. MGDG and DGDG are present in the membrane at 56% and 29%, respectively, of the total lipid content. DGDG is a bilayer-forming lipid, while MGDG alone will only form hexagonal-II structures.
Digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) is vital for photosynthesis.


Digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG) has been used in hydrophilic interaction LC-ion mobility-MS (HILIC-IM-MS) for untargeted lipidomics.


5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840524P-25mg)
5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840524P-10mg)
5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (840524P-5mg)


NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany


Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Kuniyoshi Kaseda et al.
Pharmacological research, 152, 104633-104633 (2020-01-10)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and their receptor (RAGE) system evoke inflammatory reactions and insulin resistance in adipocytes. Spa-derived green alga Mucidosphaerium sp. (MS) had anti-inflammatory properties in vitro. We examined here whether and how MS could ameliorate insulin resistance...
Manuela Lenti et al.
Natural product research, 23(8), 754-762 (2009-05-07)
The mono- and the digalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG and DGDG) galactolipids with a high content of polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly omega-3, have been purified from the thermophilic blue-green alga ETS-05 that colonises the therapeutic thermal mud of Abano and Montegrotto, Italy. The...
Reduced biosynthesis of digalactosyldiacylglycerol, a major chloroplast membrane lipid, leads to oxylipin overproduction and phloem cap lignification in Arabidopsis
Lin YT, et al.
Plant Cell, 28(1), 219-232 (2016)
Cyrille Y Botté et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 286(34), 29893-29903 (2011-06-30)
Apicomplexa are protist parasites that include Plasmodium spp., the causative agents of malaria, and Toxoplasma gondii, responsible for toxoplasmosis. Most Apicomplexa possess a relict plastid, the apicoplast, which was acquired by secondary endosymbiosis of a red alga. Despite being nonphotosynthetic...
Weihua Ye et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. B, 117(4), 1044-1050 (2013-01-11)
Galactolipids are the main structural component of plant chloroplastic (thylakoid) membranes and of blue-green algae cell membranes. The predominant lipids in this class are monogalactosyl-diacylglycerol (MGDG) and digalactosyl-diacylglycerol (DGDG). We here present a method for the preparation of bicelles that...

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