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870320P

Avanti

N-palmitoyl homocysteine (PHC)

N-palmitoyl homocysteine (ammonium salt), powder

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C20H42N2O3S
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
390.62
NACRES:
NA.25

form

powder

packaging

pkg of 1 × 25 mg (870320P-25mg)

shipped in

dry ice

storage temp.

−20°C

SMILES string

[O-]C(C(NC(CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)=O)CCS)=O.[NH4+]

General description

N-palmitoyl homocysteine (PHC) is a pH sensitive head group modified lipid.

Application

N-palmitoyl homocysteine (PHC) has been used in the synthesis of micelle-encapsulated temozolomide (TMZ) and targeted rapamycin micelles (TRaM).

Biochem/physiol Actions

Liposomes containing pH-sensitive molecules facilitate site-specific drug release in response to the change of pH in the surrounding serum. They deliver drugs or gene fragments into the cytoplasm through the endocytotic pathway. Unlike plain liposomes, pH-sensitive liposomes effectively protect drugs and other encapsulated contents such as enzymes, plasmids, proteins and peptides from being potentially degraded at the lysosomal level. They have a wide range of clinical applications such as a carrier of potent drugs for cancer, pulmonary and infectious diseases, a vaccine adjuvant and a vehicle for contrasting agents during imaging. In addition, pH-sensitive liposomes also facilitate the transport of nucleic acids during gene therapy. DOPE liposomes containing PHC deliver their contents at the early endosome.

Packaging

5 mL Amber Glass Screw Cap Vial (870320P-25mg)

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

D Collins et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 987(1), 47-55 (1989-12-11)
By combining dioleoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DOPE) with oleic acid (OA), palmitoylhomocysteine (PHC) or dipalmitoylsuccinylglycerol (DPSG) we have prepared pH-sensitive liposomes with different acid sensitivities. DOPE/OA liposomes are the most acid sensitive, while DOPE/DPSG liposomes are the least acid sensitive. Incubation of DOPE/OA...
M B Yatvin et al.
Science (New York, N.Y.), 210(4475), 1253-1255 (1980-12-12)
When pH-sensitive molecules are incorporated into liposomes, drugs can be specifically released from these vesicles by a change of pH in the ambient serum. Liposomes containing the pH-sensitive lipid palmitoyl homocysteine (PHC) were constructed so that the greatest pH differential...
Formation strategies, mechanism of intracellular delivery and potential clinical applications of pH-sensitive liposomes
Liu X and Huang G
Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 8(6), 319-328 (2013)
J Connor et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 81(6), 1715-1718 (1984-03-01)
Sonicated unilamellar liposomes containing phosphatidylethanolamine and palmitoylhomocysteine fuse rapidly when the medium pH is lowered from 7 to 5. Liposome fusion was demonstrated by (i) mixing of the liposomal lipids as shown by resonance energy transfer, (ii) gel filtration, and...
J Connor et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 101(2), 582-589 (1985-08-01)
We previously showed that liposomes composed of dioleoylphosphatidyl-ethanolamine and palmitoyl-homocysteine (8:2) are highly fusion competent when exposed to an acidic environment of pH less than 6.5. (Connor, J., M. B. Yatvin, and L. Huang, 1984, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA....

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