Jian-Min Yuan et al.
Carcinogenesis, 32(9), 1366-1371 (2011-07-08)
N'-Nitrosonornicotine (NNN) and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) are tobacco-specific nitrosamines. NNN and NNK can induce cancers of the esophagus and lung, respectively, in laboratory animals, but data on human esophageal cancer are lacking. The association between levels of NNN and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL)...
Irina Stepanov et al.
Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology, 17(4), 945-948 (2008-04-10)
Specific biomarkers of tobacco carcinogen uptake are critical for investigations of the role of tobacco smoke exposure in human cancers. Two new biomarkers of human exposure to tobacco-specific carcinogens have been recently developed by our research group: urinary N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN)...
N-Nitrosamines (15 listings): N-Nitrosonornicotine.
Report on carcinogens : carcinogen profiles, 12, 320-321 (2011-08-24)
Michael Urban et al.
Journal of analytical toxicology, 33(5), 260-265 (2009-08-13)
The tobacco-specific nitrosamine N'-nitrosonornicotine (NNN) is carcinogenic to humans (IARC Group 1). Assessing the tobacco smoke-related exposure to NNN by suitable biomarkers is of interest for risk evaluation. Recently, NNN and NNN-N-glucuronide have been quantified in urine of smokers. However...
Hongwei Ou et al.
Se pu = Chinese journal of chromatography, 28(8), 754-758 (2011-01-26)
N-nitrosonornicotine (NNN), 4-( methylnitrosamino )-1-(3-pyridyl )-1-butanone (NNK), N-nitrosoanatabine (NAT) and N-nitrosoanabasine (NAB) are the most abundant carcinogens identified in tobacco and tobacco smoke. The accurate quantifications of NNN, NNK, NAT and NAB are necessary to evaluate its impact on the...