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1.00264

Supelco

Formic acid 98-100%

for analysis EMSURE® ACS,Reag. Ph Eur

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Synonym(s):
Formic acid, Methanoic acid, Formylic acid
Linear Formula:
HCOOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.03
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1209246
MDL number:
EC Index Number:
200-579-1

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

agency

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

1.6 (vs air)

vapor pressure

44.8 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

EMSURE®

assay

≥98% (alkalimetric)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1004 °F

expl. lim.

12-38 % (v/v)
57 %

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤500 ppm Acetic acid (CH3COOH)

evapn. residue

≤10 ppm

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.370 (lit.)

pH

2.2 (20 °C, 10 g/L in H2O)

bp

100-101 °C (lit.)
101 °C/1013 hPa

mp

8.2-8.4 °C (lit.)

transition temp

flash point 49.5 °C

density

1.22 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 ppm
sulfate (SO42-): ≤5 ppm
sulfite (SO32-): ≤10 ppm

cation traces

Ag: ≤0.020 ppm
Al: ≤0.050 ppm
Ba: ≤0.050 ppm
Be: ≤0.020 ppm
Bi: ≤0.10 ppm
Ca: ≤0.20 ppm
Cd: ≤0.050 ppm
Co: ≤0.020 ppm
Cr: ≤0.050 ppm
Cu: ≤0.020 ppm
Fe: ≤2.0 ppm
Ge: ≤0.050 ppm
K: ≤0.10 ppm
Li: ≤0.020 ppm
Mg: ≤0.50 ppm
Mn: ≤0.050 ppm
Mo: ≤0.020 ppm
NH4+: ≤10 ppm
Na: ≤0.50 ppm
Ni: ≤0.050 ppm
Pb: ≤0.020 ppm
Sr: ≤0.020 ppm
Ti: ≤0.10 ppm
Tl: ≤0.050 ppm
V: ≤0.050 ppm
Zn: ≤0.050 ppm
Zr: ≤0.10 ppm
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤10 ppm

SMILES string

OC=O

storage temp.

15-25°C

InChI

1S/CH2O2/c2-1-3/h1H,(H,2,3)

InChI key

BDAGIHXWWSANSR-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

for analysis EMSURE® ACS,Reag. Ph Eur

Application


  • Modified QuEChERS method combined with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for detection of cyclopiazonic acid in feeds: This study demonstrates the use of 98-100% formic acid in a modified QuEChERS method, enhancing the efficiency of toxin detection in animal feeds, crucial for maintaining food safety and environmental health (Peng et al., 2024).

  • Adapting Fabric Phase Sorptive Extraction as an Innovative Multitool for Sample Transfer and Extraction in Pharmacokinetic Analysis Followed by LC-MS Determination of Levofloxacin in Plasma Samples: This study utilizes formic acid in developing advanced extraction methods for pharmacokinetic analysis, critical for drug development and therapeutic monitoring in pharmaceutical research (Ekin Dolaksız et al., 2024).

  • Stability Indicating Method Development and Validation of Glycyrrhizin Using RP-HPLC-DAD: Application to Glycyrrhiza glabra Extract: This research uses formic acid in chromatographic analyses to ensure the stability and quality of herbal medicine compounds, relevant in both pharmaceutical and biotechnological fields (Lyngdoh et al., 2024).

Analysis Note

Assay (alkalimetric)≥ 98.0 %Color≤ 10 HazenAcetic acid (CH₃COOH)≤ 500 ppmChloride (Cl)≤ 5 ppmSulfate (SO₄)≤ 5 ppmSulfite (SO₃)≤ 10 ppmHeavy metals (as Pb)≤ 10 ppmAg (Silver)≤ 0.020 ppmAl (Aluminium)≤ 0.050 ppmBa (Barium)≤ 0.050 ppmBe (Beryllium)≤ 0.020 ppmBi (Bismuth)≤ 0.10 ppmCa (Calcium)≤ 0.20 ppmCd (Cadmium)≤ 0.050 ppmCo (Cobalt)≤ 0.020 ppmCr (Chromium)≤ 0.050 ppmCu (Copper)≤ 0.020 ppmFe (Iron)≤ 2.0 ppmGe (Germanium)≤ 0.050 ppmK (Potassium)≤ 0.10 ppmLi (Lithium)≤ 0.020 ppmMg (Magnesium)≤ 0.50 ppmMn (Manganese)≤ 0.050 ppmMo (Molybdenum)≤ 0.020 ppmNH₄ (Ammonium)≤ 10 ppmNa (Sodium)≤ 0.50 ppmNi (Nickel)≤ 0.050 ppmPb (Lead)≤ 0.020 ppmSr (Strontium)≤ 0.020 ppmTi (Titanium)≤ 0.10 ppmTl (Thallium)≤ 0.050 ppmV (Vanadium)≤ 0.050 ppmZn (Zinc)≤ 0.050 ppmZr (Zirconium)≤ 0.10 ppmEvaporation residue≤ 10 ppmDilution testpasses testACS, Ph Eur-Reagent
Expiry date : see product label

Legal Information

EMSURE is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1A

supp_hazards

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

121.1 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

49.5 °C - closed cup


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