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Sigma-Aldrich

Rifampicin

Antibiotic that specifically inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in bacteria by forming an inactive complex.

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Synonym(s):
Rifampicin, Rifampin, 3-(4-Methylpiperazinyliminomethyl)rifamycin SV
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C43H58N4O12
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
822.94
MDL number:

Quality Level

assay

~97-102% (by Assay)

form

powder (or crystals)

manufacturer/tradename

Calbiochem®

storage condition

OK to freeze

color

red-brown

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

−20°C

InChI

1S/C43H58N4O12/c1-21-12-11-13-22(2)42(55)45-33-28(20-44-47-17-15-46(9)16-18-47)37(52)30-31(38(33)53)36(51)26(6)40-32(30)41(54)43(8,59-40)57-19-14-29(56-10)23(3)39(58-27(7)48)25(5)35(50)24(4)34(21)49/h11-14,19-21,23-25,29,34-35,39,49-53H,15-18H2,1-10H3,(H,45,55)/b12-11+,19-14+,22-13-,44-20+/t21-,23+,24+,25+,29-,34-,35+,39+,43-/m0/s1

InChI key

JQXXHWHPUNPDRT-WLSIYKJHSA-N

General description

Antibiotic that specifically inhibits DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in bacteria by forming an inactive complex. Does not affect mammalian RNA polymerase. Inhibits transcription by preventing the initial transcription complex from entering the elongation mode.
Antibiotic that specifically inhibits DNA-dependent bacterial RNA polymerase by forming an inactive complex with RNA polymerase. Does not affect mammalian RNA polymerase. Inhibits transcription by preventing the initial transcription complex from entering the elongation mode.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Primary Target
DNA-dependent RNA polymerase in bacteria

Warning

Toxicity: Harmful & Carcinogenic / Teratogenic (E)

Reconstitution

Following reconstitution, aliquot and freeze (-20°C). DMSO stock solutions are stable for up to 2 months at -20°C.

Other Notes

Jin, D.J. and Turnbough, Jr., C.L. 1994. J. Mol. Biol. 236, 72.
Levin, M.E. and Hatfull, G.F. 1993. Mol. Microbiol. 8, 277.
Wehrli, W., et al. 1968. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA61, 667.

Legal Information

CALBIOCHEM is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral

Storage Class

11 - Combustible Solids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

Not applicable

flash_point_c

Not applicable


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