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Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit

The Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit provides a quick, efficient & sensitive system for evaluation of tryptase activity in culture supernatants, cell lysates or other tryptase-containing samples.

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Synonym(s):
Live mast cell tryptase assay
eCl@ss:
32161000

Quality Level

manufacturer/tradename

Chemicon®

technique(s)

activity assay: suitable
cell based assay: suitable

shipped in

dry ice

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APT171APT139APT131
manufacturer/tradename

Chemicon®

manufacturer/tradename

Chemicon®

manufacturer/tradename

Chemicon®

manufacturer/tradename

Chemicon®

shipped in

dry ice

shipped in

dry ice

shipped in

dry ice

shipped in

dry ice

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

Quality Level

100

General description

Introduction

Degranulation, the secretion of cytoplasmic granules, is a key step in the inflammatory response of leukocytes (e.g. basophils, neutrophils, eosinophils, and mast cells). In addition to histamine, these secretory granules contain many proinflammatory mediators including heparin, cytokines, chemokines, and many proteases (Hallgren, 2001). Tryptase, a tetrameric serine proteinase, has emerged as the major component of mast cell granules, comprising up to 20% of the total protein of mast cells derived from lung, colon and skin tissue (He, 2004; He, 1998; Schwartz, 1986). Because it is stored almost exclusively in mast cells, tryptase is a popular indicator of mast cell activation and a target for therapeutic intervention in allergic diseases. The Chemicon Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit provides a quick, efficient and sensitive system for evaluation of tryptase activity in cell lysates, supernatants or for inhibitor screening.



Test Principle

Chemicon′s Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit provides a simple and convenient means for assaying tryptase activity. The assay is based on spectophotometric detection of the chromophore p-nitroaniline (pNA) after cleavage from the labeled substrate tosyl-gly-pro-lys-pNA. The free pNA can then be quantified using a spectrophotometer or a microtiter plate reader at 405 nm. A pNA Standard is provided as a comparison control.

Calcium Ionophore A23187 (Calcimycin) is included in the kit for degranulation induction of samples. Calcimycin has been a well-documented inducer of tryptase release from human mast cells (2,3).

A tryptase inhibitor, protamine, is included as a test inhibitor for screening purposes. Protamine is a potent heparin antagonist that competitively binds heparin, an essential stabilizing factor of mast cell tryptase (Hallgren, 2001; Schwartz, 1986). Protamine has been shown to inhibit both human and mouse tryptase (Hallgren, 2001). The kit′s Assay Buffer contains heparin for tryptase stabilization.

Application

The Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit provides a quick, efficient & sensitive system for evaluation of tryptase activity in culture supernatants, cell lysates or other tryptase-containing samples.
The Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit provides a quick, efficient and sensitive system for evaluation of tryptase activity in culture supernatants, cell lysates or other tryptase-containing samples. Testing of purified tryptase enzyme, in vitro inhibitor screening and the study of cell degranulation can also be performed with this assay.

The Chemicon Mast Cell Degranulation Assay Kit is intended for research use only, and not for diagnostic or therapeutic applications.

Components

Tryptase Positive Control (Part No. 2003650): 20 μL of 0.1 mg/mL solution.

5X Assay Buffer (Part No. 2003649): 20 mL containing 0.1% heparin.

Calcium Ionophore A23187 (Part No. 2003652): 100 μL of 1 mM in DMSO.

Tryptase Inhibitor (Protamine) (Part No. 2003651): 250 μL of 10 mM solution.

Tryptase Substrate (tosyl-gly-pro-lys-pNA) (Part No. 90569): 3.125 mg.

pNA Standard (Part No. 90085): 250 μL of 10 mM in DMSO.

Storage and Stability

Store kit materials (as provided) at -20°C up to their expiration date. See Storage of Reagents for component specific instructions.

Storage of Reagents

1. Tryptase Positive Control: Thaw vial at 2-8°C. Aliquot and store at -20°C up to the vial′s expiration date. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

2. 5X Assay Buffer: Dilute the 5X Assay Buffer with deionized water. Stir to homogeneity and store at 2-8°C up to its expiration date.

3. Calcium Ionophore A23187: Thaw vial at 2-8°C. Aliquot and store at -20°C up to the vial′s expiration date. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

4. Tryptase Inhibitor: Thaw vial at 2-8°C. Aliquot and store at -20°C up to the vial′s expiration date. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

5. Tryptase Substrate: Reconstitute with 2 mL of 1X Assay Buffer (2.5 mM stock solution). Aliquot and store at -20°C up to 3 months. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

6. pNA Standard: Thaw vial at 2-8°C. Aliquot and store at -20°C up to the vial′s expiration date. Avoid multiple freeze/thaw cycles.

Note: Positive Control, Substrate, pNA Standard, and Calcium Ionophore are light sensitive; amber vials or equivalent should be used. Keep materials away from light as much as possible and during storage.

Legal Information

CHEMICON is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Disclaimer

Unless otherwise stated in our catalog or other company documentation accompanying the product(s), our products are intended for research use only and are not to be used for any other purpose, which includes but is not limited to, unauthorized commercial uses, in vitro diagnostic uses, ex vivo or in vivo therapeutic uses or any type of consumption or application to humans or animals.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 3


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Tsong-Min Chang et al.
Molecules (Basel, Switzerland), 26(13) (2021-07-03)
Mast cells play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of type 1 allergic reactions by binding to IgE and allergen complexes and initiating the degranulation process, releasing pro-inflammatory mediators. Recently, research has focused on finding a stable and effective anti-allergy
Poh-Yi Gan et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 27(5), 1321-1333 (2015-09-17)
Observations in experimental murine myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) show mast cells degranulate, thus enhancing injury as well as producing immunomodulatory IL-10. Here we report that, compared with biopsy specimens from control patients, renal biopsy specimens from 44 patients with acute
Simon Gebremeskel et al.
Frontiers in immunology, 12, 650331-650331 (2021-03-30)
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by SARS-CoV-2 infection represents a global health crisis. Immune cell activation via pattern recognition receptors has been implicated as a driver of the hyperinflammatory response seen in COVID-19. However, our understanding of the specific immune
Shaun A Summers et al.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN, 22(12), 2226-2236 (2011-10-25)
Leukocyte recruitment contributes to acute kidney injury (AKI), but the mechanisms by which leukocytes promote injury are not completely understood. The degranulation of mast cells releases inflammatory molecules, including TNF, but whether these cells participate in the pathogenesis of AKI
Qian Wang et al.
eLife, 8 (2019-05-16)
Osteoarthritis is characterized by articular cartilage breakdown, and emerging evidence suggests that dysregulated innate immunity is likely involved. Here, we performed proteomic, transcriptomic, and electron microscopic analyses to demonstrate that mast cells are aberrantly activated in human and murine osteoarthritic

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