00070

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetaldehyde

puriss. p.a., anhydrous, ≥99.5% (GC)

Synonym(s):
Ethanal
Linear Formula:
CH3CHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
44.05
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
505984
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39021102
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

biological source

synthetic

grade

anhydrous
puriss. p.a.

vapor density

1.52 (vs air)

vapor pressure

14.63 psi ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.5% (GC)

autoignition temp.

365 °F

quality

anhydrous

expl. lim.

60 %

impurities

≤0.5% free acid (as CH3COOH)

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.332 (lit.)
n20/D 1.332

bp

21 °C (lit.)

mp

−125 °C (lit.)

density

0.785 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.5 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

CC=O

InChI

1S/C2H4O/c1-2-3/h2H,1H3

InChI key

IKHGUXGNUITLKF-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Mechanism of the thermal decomposition of acetaldehyde has been reported. It is a product of ethanol metabolism in the liver, binds covalently to various proteins, thereby alters the liver function and structure. The aldol condensation of acetaldehyde and heptanal in the presence of hydrotalcite-type catalysts has been described.
Acetaldehyde is an organic colorless flammable liquid. It can be produced by hydration of acetylene and by catalytic oxidation of ethyl alcohol. It is mainly used in manufacturing acetic acid.

Application

It was used in the plasma polymerization for deposition of reactive aldehyde groups onto substrate, in a study to produce fibrous biomaterials with cell adhesive and also repulsive capability in biomedical applications. It was also used as calibration standard during determination of acetone, acetaldehyde, ethanol, and methanol in different human matrices, such as whole blood, vitreous humour, and urine using gas chromatography with flame ionization detection method (GC–FID).
Acetaldehyde may be used for the enzymatic synthesis of fatty acids.

Caution

forms easily paraldehyde

Signal Word

Danger

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN1089 - class 3 - PG 1 - Acetaldehyde

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

-38.0 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

-38.89 °C - closed cup

Raghu Sivaramakrishnan et al.
The journal of physical chemistry. A, 119(28), 7724-7733 (2015-03-21)
The mechanism for the thermal decomposition of acetaldehyde has been revisited with an analysis of literature kinetics experiments using theoretical kinetics. The present modeling study was motivated by recent observations, with very sensitive diagnostics, of some unexpected products in high...
Acetaldehyde plasma polymer-coated PET fibers for endothelial cell patterning: Chemical, topographical, and biological analysis.
Hadjizadeh, Afra.
Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials, 94.1, 11-21 (2010)
Bruce D. Craig, David S. Anderson
Handbook of Corrosion Data, 87-87 (1994)
C S Lieber
Biochemical Society transactions, 16(3), 241-247 (1988-06-01)
Acetaldehyde, the toxic product of ethanol metabolism in the liver, covalently binds to a variety of proteins, thereby altering liver function and structure. Through its binding to tubulin, acetaldehyde decreases the polymerization of microtubules thereby impairing protein secretion and favouring...
GC determination of acetone, acetaldehyde, ethanol, and methanol in biological matrices and cell culture.
Pontes, Helena, et al.
Journal of Chromatographic Science, 47.4, 272-278 (2009)
Protocols
Separation of Acetone; Acetic acid; Propionic acid; Ethyl butyrate; Ethanol; Isoamyl acetate; Isobutyric acid; 3-Methyl-2-butanol; Methyl acetate; 1-Propanol; Acetal, ≥98%, FG; 2-Methyl-1-pentanol; Butyl acetate; Ethyl propionate; 3-Pentanol; 2-Pentanol, 98%; Ethyl isobutyrate; Isobutyl acetate; Acetaldehyde; Furfural; Butyric acid; Methanol; Ethyl acetate
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