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128465

Sigma-Aldrich

Glyoxal solution

40 wt. % in H2O

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Synonym(s):
Ethanedial, Oxalaldehyde
Linear Formula:
OHCCHO
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
58.04
Beilstein:
1732463
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

18 mmHg ( 20 °C)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

545 °F

concentration

40 wt. % in H2O

refractive index

n20/D 1.4087

solubility

water: soluble(lit.)

density

1.265 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)C([H])=O

InChI

1S/C2H2O2/c3-1-2-4/h1-2H

InChI key

LEQAOMBKQFMDFZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
5064947904750690
Glyoxal solution 40 wt. % in H2O

Sigma-Aldrich

128465

Glyoxal solution

-
Glyoxal solution BioReagent, for molecular biology, ~40% in H2O (~8.8 M)

Sigma-Aldrich

50649

Glyoxal solution

Essential+ Grade
refractive index

n20/D 1.4087

refractive index

n20/D 1.409

refractive index

n20/D 1.414

refractive index

-

solubility

water: soluble(lit.)

solubility

-

solubility

-

solubility

-

density

1.265 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

density

1.15 g/mL at 25 °C

density

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

Quality Level

-

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor density

-

vapor density

-

vapor density

-

General description

The product is 40wt.% solution of glyoxal in water. Glyoxal is a linear aliphatic dialdehyde containing two aldehyde groups. It participates in the synthesis of glyoxylic acid. It is highly reactive in nature. It can be prepared by oxidizing ethanol or acetaldehyde with nitric acid. It is widely employed in textile and paper industry.

Application

Glyoxal solution has been used as a crosslinking agent during the synthesis of DNA-containing nanoparticles in a study. It has been used as derivatizing reagent, in the precolumn fluorescence derivatization of N-terminal tryptophan containing peptides which can be separated via high performance liquid chromatography. It may also be used in the synthesis of glyoxal bis(4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazones)solution, which can be used in the spectrophotometric determination of palladium in catalysts.

Other Notes

This form of glyoxal is composed of 3 moles of glyoxal and 2 moles of water in a relatively stable configuration.

Caution

May precipitate on storage; redissolve at 50-60 °C.

Pictograms

Exclamation markHealth hazard

Signal Word

Warning

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Muta. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Customers Also Viewed

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Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 312-312 (1994)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 465-465 (1994)
"High-performance liquid chromatography of N-terminal tryptophan-containing peptides with precolumn fluorescence derivatization with glyoxal"
Kai M, et al.
Journal of Chromatography A, 653(2), 235-240 (1993)
Misato Iwashita et al.
Frontiers in cell and developmental biology, 8, 574619-574619 (2020-10-13)
Brain structures are diverse among species despite the essential molecular machinery of neurogenesis being common. Recent studies have indicated that differences in the mechanical properties of tissue may result in the dynamic deformation of brain structure, such as folding. However
Spectrophotometric determination of palladium in catalysts with glyoxal bis (4-phenyl-3-thiosemicarbazone)
Asuero A, et al.
Analyst, 111(7), 747-755 (1986)

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