16016

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss., ≥99.5% (GC), meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, crystalline (detached)

Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

Agency/Method

complies with USP (identity)

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss.

assay

≥99.5% (GC)
99.0-100.5% (calc. on H2O free substance)

form

crystalline (detached)

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

quality

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP

expl. lim.

8.6 %

application(s)

water monitoring: suitable

impurities

acidic reac. Impurities, in accordance
organic volatile impurities, in accordance (GC)
residual solvents, complies
≤0.05% non-volatile matter
≤0.3% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

transition temp

solidification point ≥40 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

suitability

in accordance for appearance of solution
Citrobacter spp.
Escherichia coli
coliforms

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.

Application

Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.

Footnote

We offer two media types: the superior granulated GranuCult® and the cost-efficient powdered NutriSelect® culture media, depending on your needs.
The designations basic, plus, or prime are added to indicate the quality control level, from basic quality control to standard QC plus to prime for full regulatory compliance.

Legal Information

GRANUCULT is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany
NutriSelect is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

174.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

79.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 1-1 (1996)
Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.
Weatherburn M W.
Analytical Chemistry, 39(8), 971-974 (1967)
PREPARATION OF TRANSFORMING DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID BY PHENOL TREATMENT.
H SAITO et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 72, 619-629 (1963-08-20)
Thitiporn Anunthawan et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(6), 1352-1358 (2015-03-15)
We investigated the mechanisms of two tryptophan-rich antibacterial peptides (KT2 and RT2) obtained in a previous optimization screen for increased killing of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria pathogens. At their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), these peptides completely killed cells of...
Mark J Lee et al.
PLoS pathogens, 11(10), e1005187-e1005187 (2015-10-23)
Of the over 250 Aspergillus species, Aspergillus fumigatus accounts for up to 80% of invasive human infections. A. fumigatus produces galactosaminogalactan (GAG), an exopolysaccharide composed of galactose and N-acetyl-galactosamine (GalNAc) that mediates adherence and is required for full virulence. Less...
Articles
An article concerning selective growth media for differentiation and detection of Escherichia coli and other coliforms.
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