16018

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)

Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)
88.0-92.0% (alkalimetric)

form

solid
viscous liquid

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

≤0.0003% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.03% non-volatile matter
8-11% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

suitability

corresponds for identity

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.
Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed. It can undergo oxidation in the presence of Fentons′ reagent in aqueous solution.

Application

Phenol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a phase-transfer catalyst in electrolyte solutions of lithium-O2 battery to promote solution phase discharge.
  • Preparation of phenol-sulfuric acid reagent for colorimetric determination of total sugar content.
Phenol may be employed for the isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis. It may be used in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantitative estimation of ammonia.

Packaging

bottled under inert gas

Other Notes

The article number 16018-4X5L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 16018-5L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.
The article number 16018-6X1L will be discontinued. Please order the single bottle 16018-1L which is physically identical with the same exact specifications.

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

174.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

79 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Chemical pathway and kinetics of phenol oxidation by Fenton's reagent.
Zazo JA, et al.
Environmental Science & Technology, 39(23), 9295-9302 (2005)
Phenol-Catalyzed Discharge in the Aprotic Lithium-Oxygen Battery.
Gao X, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2017)
Carbohydrate analysis by a phenol-sulfuric acid method in microplate format.
Masuko T, et al.
Analytical Biochemistry, 339(1), 69-72 (2005)
Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 1-1 (1996)
Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.
Weatherburn M W.
Analytical Chemistry, 39(8), 971-974 (1967)

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