185450

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

unstabilized, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
39023301
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

crystalline (flakes)
crystalline (solid)
crystals

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

bp

182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 84 g/L at 20 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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General description

Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed.
Phenol is an aromatic alcohol. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been proposed. It can undergo oxidation in the presence of Fentons′ reagent in aqueous solution.

Application

Phenol may be used in the following processes:
  • As a phase-transfer catalyst in electrolyte solutions of lithium-O2 battery to promote solution phase discharge.
  • Preparation of phenol-sulfuric acid reagent for colorimetric determination of total sugar content.
Phenol may be employed in the following studies:
  • Isolation of deoxyribonucleic acid from Bacillus subtilis.
  • Berthelot color reaction for the estimation of ammonia.
  • Preparation of phenetole (aromatic ether) and 1,2-dihydroxybenzene (catechol).
  • Synthesis of phenoxyacetic acid.

Packaging

2.5 kg in poly bottle
100, 500 g in poly bottle

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

174.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

79.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Chemical pathway and kinetics of phenol oxidation by Fenton's reagent.
Zazo JA, et al.
Environmental Science & Technology, 39(23), 9295-9302 (2005)
Phenol-Catalyzed Discharge in the Aprotic Lithium-Oxygen Battery.
Gao X, et al.
Angewandte Chemie (Weinheim an der Bergstrasse, Germany) (2017)
Carbohydrate analysis by a phenol-sulfuric acid method in microplate format.
Masuko T, et al.
Analytical Biochemistry, 339(1), 69-72 (2005)
Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 270-270 (1996)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 812-812 (1994)

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