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207942

Sigma-Aldrich

Hydrazine monohydrate

N2H4 64-65 %, reagent grade, 98%

Synonym(s):
Hydrazinium hydroxide
Linear Formula:
NH2NH2 · H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
50.06
Beilstein:
878137
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

reagent grade

Quality Level

vapor density

>1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

5 mmHg ( 25 °C)

assay

98%

form

liquid

composition

N2H4, 64-65%

expl. lim.

99.99 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.428 (lit.)

pH

10.6-10.7 (10 g/L)

bp

120.1 °C (lit.)

mp

−51.7 °C (lit.)

density

1.032 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

O.NN

InChI

1S/H4N2.H2O/c1-2;/h1-2H2;1H2

InChI key

IKDUDTNKRLTJSI-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Crystals of hydrazine monohydrate exhibit triclinic crystal system and space group P3121.

Application

Hydrazine monohydrate has been used to synthesize 2-(6-ethylamino-3-ethylimino-2,7-dimethyl-3H-xanthen-9-yl)benzoic acid hydrazide and vinyl-benzylamine hydrochloride. It may also be used as a source of hydrogen via decomposition in the presence of supported bimetallic catalyst composed of Ni-Pt alloy nanoparticles and mesoporous CeO2 support.
Hydrazine monohydrate may be used as a reducing agent for the reduction of:
  • Nitroarenes in the presence of hydrogen peroxide functionalized carbon nanotubes.
  • 4-Iodo-3-nitroanisole to form 2-iodo-5-methoxyaniline.
  • Graphene oxide (GO) to form graphene.

Packaging

5, 100, 4×100, 500 g in glass bottle
2 kg in glass bottle

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Carc. 1B - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B - Skin Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

100.4 °F - closed cup - (anhydrous substance)

Flash Point(C)

38 °C - closed cup - (anhydrous substance)

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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