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21069

Sigma-Aldrich

Calcium carbonate

tested according to Ph. Eur.

Synonym(s):
Calcii carbonas
Linear Formula:
CaCO3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
100.09
Beilstein:
8008338
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

Agency/Method

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

assay

99.3%

form

powder

solubility

1 M acetic acid: soluble
alcohol: insoluble
hydrochloric acid: soluble (3 N)
nitric acid: soluble (2 N)

density

2.93 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

[Ca++].[O-]C([O-])=O

InChI

1S/CH2O3.Ca/c2-1(3)4;/h(H2,2,3,4);/q;+2/p-2

InChI key

VTYYLEPIZMXCLO-UHFFFAOYSA-L

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Application

Calcium carbonate has been utilized by plants and animal for the formation of their skeletons and shells. It also facilitates the calcium carbonate crystal growth on a chitosan substrate.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Calcium carbonate is a naturally occurring compound that reduces T4 absorption and enhancess serum thyrotropin levels. It also precludes osteoporosis induced by thyrotropin-suppressive doses of levothyroxine in postmenopausal women. Additionally, it reduces diarrhea in individuals with protease inhibitor-induced HIV-infection.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

nwg

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Megan J Turner et al.
HIV clinical trials, 5(1), 19-24 (2004-03-06)
Although some evidence exists to support the practice of using calcium carbonate to treat nelfinavir-induced diarrhea, there is a lack of data supporting the role of calcium in diarrhea induced by other protease inhibitors (PIs). The objective of this prospective...
F H Wilt
Journal of structural biology, 126(3), 216-226 (1999-09-04)
The endoskeletal spicules of sea urchin larvae are composed of calcite, a surrounding extracellular matrix, and small amounts of occluded matrix proteins. The spicules are formed by primary mesenchyme cells (PMCs) in the blastocoel of the embryo, where they adopt...
N Singh et al.
JAMA, 283(21), 2822-2825 (2000-06-06)
The effect of calcium carbonate on the absorption of levothyroxine has not been studied systematically. Such a potential drug interaction merits investigation because concurrent treatment with both drugs is common, particularly in postmenopausal women. To investigate the potential interference of...
Alan T Marshall
Microscopy research and technique, 56(5), 341-357 (2002-03-06)
The Cnidaria are simple organisms that have remarkable physiological features susceptible to microscopic investigation. As a group they produce cnidae, the most complex intracellular organelles known, form symbioses with a range of unicellular algae, contain mucocytes that account for a...
Influence of the Chitosan Surface Profile on the Nucleation and Growth of Calcium Carbonate Films.
<BIG>Sukun Zhang</BIG>
Langmuir, 14, 6761-6766 (1998)

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