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221198

Sigma-Aldrich

Formamide

ACS reagent, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
Amide C1, Formic amide
Linear Formula:
HCONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
45.04
Beilstein:
505995
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

1.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)
30 mmHg ( 129 °C)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

932 °F

application(s)

PCR: suitable

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.447 (lit.)

pH

4-10 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

bp

210 °C (lit.)

mp

2-3 °C (lit.)

transition temp

freezing point 2.0-3.0 °C

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

NC=O

InChI

1S/CH3NO/c2-1-3/h1H,(H2,2,3)

InChI key

ZHNUHDYFZUAESO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

The addition of formamide may enhance the specificity and efficiency of amplification of PCR (polymerase chain reaction). It may be used as an ammonia equivalent for the palladium-catalyzed aminocarbonylation of 1-bromo-3-trifluoromethylbenzene to form 3-(trifluoromethyl)benzamide.
Formamide destabilizes nucleic acid duplexes and may be used, typically, at a concentration of 50%, in hybridization protocols requiring lower hybridization temperatures.

Packaging

1, 4×4 L in glass bottle
100 mL in glass bottle

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 2 Oral

Target Organs

Blood

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

305.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

152 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Formamide can dramatically improve the specificity of PCR.
Sarkar G, et al.
Nucleic Acids Research, 18(24), 7465-7465 (1990)
Weinreb SM.
Science of Synthesis: Houben-Weyl Methods of Molecular Transformations, 21, 126-126 (2014)
Microwave spectrum and molecular structure of formamide.
Costain CC and Dowling JM.
J. Chem. Phys. , 32(1), 158-165 (1960)
J Casey et al.
Nucleic acids research, 4(5), 1539-1552 (1977-01-01)
The thermal stabilities of RNA:DNA hybrids are substantially greater than those of DNA:DNA duplexes in aqueous electrolyte solutions containing high concentrations of formamide. Association rates to form DNA:DNA duplexes and DNA:RNA hybrids have been measured in these solvents. There is...
Solubilization in formamide protects RNA from degradation.
Chomczynski P.
Nucleic Acids Research, 20(14), 3791-3791 (1992)

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