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296988

Sigma-Aldrich

Octane

anhydrous, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
n-Octane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)6CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
114.23
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1696875
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

anhydrous

Quality Level

vapor density

3.9 (vs air)

vapor pressure

11 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

428 °F

expl. lim.

6.5 %

impurities

<0.002% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0003%

refractive index

n20/D 1.398 (lit.)

bp

125-127 °C (lit.)

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

density

0.703 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CCCCCCCC

InChI

1S/C8H18/c1-3-5-7-8-6-4-2/h3-8H2,1-2H3

Inchi Key

TVMXDCGIABBOFY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
412236472328657042
vibrant-m

296988

Octane

-
vibrant-m

412236

Octane

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

472328

1-Octanol

-
vibrant-m

657042

Octane

-
Quality Level

100

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

100

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

solubility

-

solubility

water: partially soluble 107 g/L at 23 °C

solubility

-

grade

anhydrous

grade

reagent grade

grade

ACS reagent

grade

electronic grade

autoignition temp.

428 °F

autoignition temp.

428 °F

autoignition temp.

523 °F

autoignition temp.

428 °F

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

mp

−15 °C (lit.)

mp

−57 °C (lit.)

General description

Octane is linear alkane that can be synthesized from furfural, a renewable biomass resource. It can undergo catalytic cracking over alkali-treated MFI (Mordenite Framework Inverted) zeolites to mainly form primary cracking products.

Other Notes

Pure-Pac® II containers require the Micromatic MacroValve coupler for dispensing solvents, Z560723.

Legal Information

Pure-Pac is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 1 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

target_organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 2

flash_point_f

55.4 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

13 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Faceshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Effective production of octane from biomass derivatives under mild conditions.
Xu W, et al.
ChemSusChem, 4(12), 1758-1761 (2011)
Ignition of non-premixed counterflow flames of octane and decane isomers.
Liu N, et al.
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, 34(1), 903-910 (2013)
Nai-Tzu Chen et al.
Theranostics, 4(8), 798-807 (2014-06-24)
The unique optical properties of gold nanorods (GNRs) have recently drawn considerable interest from those working in in vivo biomolecular sensing and bioimaging. Especially appealing in these applications is the plasmon-enhanced photoluminescence of GNRs induced by two-photon excitation at infrared
Catalytic cracking of n-octane over alkali-treated MFI zeolites.
Jung JS, et al.
Applied Catalysis A: General, 288(1), 149-157 (2005)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 743-743 (1994)

Protocols

Separation of Hexane; Heptane; Octane; Nonane; Decane; Undecane; Dodecane; Tetradecane; Hexadecane; Octadecane; Eicosane; Tetracosane; Octacosane; Dotriacontane; Hexatriacontane; Tetracontane; Tetratetracontane

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