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Propylene carbonate

anhydrous, 99.7%

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Synonym(s):
1,2-Propanediol cyclic carbonate, 4-Methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C4H6O3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
102.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
107913
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

anhydrous

Quality Level

vapor pressure

0.13 mmHg ( 20 °C)
0.98 mmHg ( 50 °C)

assay

99.7%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

851 °F

expl. lim.

14.3 %

impurities

<0.002% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

refractive index

n20/D 1.421 (lit.)

pH

7 (20 °C, 200 g/L)

bp

240 °C (lit.)

mp

−55 °C (lit.)

density

1.204 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

CC1COC(=O)O1

InChI

1S/C4H6O3/c1-3-2-6-4(5)7-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

RUOJZAUFBMNUDX-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Propylene carbonate can be synthesized from propylene oxide and CO2. Optically active form of propylene carbonate can be prepared from the reaction between CO2 and racemic epoxides. Decomposition of propylene carbonate on the graphite electrode in lithium batteries results in the formation of a lithium intercalated compound.
Propylene carbonate is a cyclic carbonate that is commonly used as a solvent and as a reactive intermediate in organic synthesis. It is being considered as a potential electrochemical solvent due to its low vapor pressure, high dielectric constant and high chemical stability.

Application

Propylene carbonate may be used as a solvent for the asymmetric hydrogenation of nonfunctionalized olefins.

pictograms

Exclamation mark

signalword

Warning

hcodes

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

269.6 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

132 °C - closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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