318604

Sigma-Aldrich

Ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide buffer solution

in H2O

MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

form

liquid

Quality Level

composition

NH4Cl, 1 wt. %
NH4OH, 4 wt. % (pH 10 to 11)

concentration

in H2O

pH

10-11

density

0.99 g/mL at 25 °C

SMILES string

N.N.O.Cl

InChI

1S/ClH.2H3N.H2O/h1H;2*1H3;1H2

InChI key

XEXFVRMLYUDDJY-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Related Categories

Application

Ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide buffer solution may be used to crystallize proteins.

Packaging

500 mL in poly bottle
2 L in poly bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Ammonium chloride is the salt component of ammonium chloride-ammonium hydroxide buffer system that completely inhibits the BVDV infection of MDBK cells when present at a concentration of 50 mM . Viruses treated with ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) results in loss of infectivity because it neutralizes the pH of endosome. Hence, viruses with low pH-dependent fusion activity became incapable to fuse their envelope with endosomal membrane.

Pictograms

CorrosionEnvironment

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

hazcat

Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

storage_class_code

12 - Non Combustible Liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Thomas Krey et al.
Journal of virology, 79(7), 4191-4200 (2005-03-16)
The route of internalization of the pestivirus bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) was studied by using different chemical and biophysical inhibitors of endocytosis. Expression of the dominant-negative mutant Dyn(K44A) of the GTPase dynamin in MDBK cells, as well as the...
A Takada et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 94(26), 14764-14769 (1998-02-07)
Ebola virus causes hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates, resulting in mortality rates of up to 90%. Studies of this virus have been hampered by its extraordinary pathogenicity, which requires biosafety level 4 containment. To circumvent this problem, we...
Julia S Brunner et al.
Nature communications, 11(1), 431-431 (2020-01-24)
Multinucleated giant cells (MGCs) are implicated in many diseases including schistosomiasis, sarcoidosis and arthritis. MGC generation is energy intensive to enforce membrane fusion and cytoplasmic expansion. Using receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-Β ligand (RANKL) induced osteoclastogenesis to model MGC...

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