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320102

Sigma-Aldrich

Acetic anhydride

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
Acetanhydride, Acetic acid anhydride, Acetyl acetate, Acetyl anhydride, Ethanoic anhydride
Linear Formula:
(CH3CO)2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
102.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
385737
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

vapor density

3.5 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

10 mmHg ( 36 °C)
4 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

629 °F

expl. lim.

10.3 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.390 (lit.)

bp

138-140 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: slightly soluble

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

CC(=O)OC(C)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O3/c1-3(5)7-4(2)6/h1-2H3

InChI key

WFDIJRYMOXRFFG-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
33214AX0080L095004
vibrant-m

320102

Acetic anhydride

vibrant-m

33214

Acetic anhydride

vibrant-m

AX0080

Acetic Anhydride

vibrant-m

L095004

Acetic anhydride

assay

≥99%

assay

≥99% (GC)

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

assay

-

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

form

liquid

form

-

form

liquid

form

-

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

mp

-73 °C

mp

−73 °C (lit.)

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

density

-

density

1.08 g/mL (lit.)

General description

Acetic anhydride is a carboxylic acid anhydride commonly used as an acetylating agent for amines and alcohols.
Acetic anhydride participates in the Friedel-Craft′s intramolecular cyclization reaction of cyclopropyl ketones to afford the tetralones. It has been reported to promote the Knoevenagel condensation of various aldehydes and activated methylene compounds.

Application

Acetic anhydride may be used as a reactant to synthesize:
  • 3-acetoxybenzoic acid by reacting with 3-hydroxybenzoic acid
  • 6-dimethylamino-2,3-naphthalenedicarboxylic anhydride, a precursor to prepare 6-dimethylaminonaphthalimide

Acetic anhydride was used in the following studies:
  • Lipozyme TL IM (commercial immobilized lipase from Thermomyces lanuginosus) catalyzed acetylation of essential clove oil.
  • As acetyl donor to investigate the lipase catalyzed acetylation of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC).
  • Synthesis of N-substituted pyrazolines.
  • Acetylation of Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) starch.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

signalword

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Corr. 1B

Storage Class

3 - Flammable liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

120.2 °F - closed cup

flash_point_c

49 °C - closed cup

ppe

Faceshields, Gloves, Goggles, type ABEK (EN14387) respirator filter


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Acetic Anhydride Meets ACS Specifications, Meets Reagent Specifications for testing USP/NF monographs GR ACS

Supelco

AX0080

Acetic Anhydride

Semi-synthesis and proteasome inhibition of D-ring deoxy analogs of (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), the active ingredient of green tea extract.
Huo C, et al.
Journal of Chemistry, 86(6), 495-502 (2008)
Josiane Bartz et al.
Food chemistry, 178, 236-242 (2015-02-24)
Barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli) is an invasive plant that is difficult to control and is found in abundance as part of the waste of the paddy industry. In this study, barnyardgrass starch was extracted and studied to obtain a novel starch
Mojca Božič et al.
Carbohydrate polymers, 125, 340-351 (2015-04-11)
The acetylation efficiency of nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC) with acetic anhydride as acetyl donor was studied using lipase from Aspergillus niger in a mixture of dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) and phosphate buffer solution at ambient conditions and in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2).
Yohei Ogiwara et al.
The Journal of organic chemistry, 80(6), 3101-3110 (2015-02-18)
The combination of a catalytic amount of InCl3 and acetic anhydride remarkably promotes the Knoevenagel condensation of a variety of aldehydes and activated methylene compounds. This catalytic system accommodates aromatic aldehydes containing a variety of electron-donating and -withdrawing groups, heteroaromatic
Braulio Insuasty et al.
European journal of medicinal chemistry, 93, 401-413 (2015-03-01)
A new series of chalcones 5a-f were synthesized from caffeine-based aldehyde 3 and substituted acetophenones 4a-f. Treatment of compounds 5a-f with hydrazine hydrate led to pyrazolines 6a-f, and their subsequent reaction with acetic anhydride or formic acid afforded the corresponding

Articles

The Friedel–Crafts acylation is the reaction of an arene with acyl chlorides or anhydrides using a strong Lewis acid catalyst. This reaction proceeds via electrophilic aromatic substitution to form monoacylated products.

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