33517

Sigma-Aldrich

Phenol

puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.0-100.5%

Synonym(s):
Hydroxybenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H5OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
94.11
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
969616
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent
puriss. p.a.

Agency/Method

reag. Ph. Eur.

vapor density

3.24 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.09 psi ( 55 °C)
0.36 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

99.0-100.5%
99.5-100.5% (GC)

form

solid

autoignition temp.

1319 °F

expl. lim.

8.6 %

impurities

≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤0.01% non-volatile matter
≤0.05% m-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% o-cresol (GC)
≤0.05% p-cresol (GC)
≤0.2% water (Karl Fischer)

bp

180-181 °C
182 °C (lit.)

mp

40-42 °C (lit.)

transition temp

solidification point ≥40.5 °C

density

1.071 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

Fe: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

Oc1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5,7H

InChI key

ISWSIDIOOBJBQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

human ... GABRA1(2554)

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General description

Oxidation of phenol at synthetic boron-doped diamond thin film electrode (BDD) in perchloric acid medium has been proposed. Mechanism of its oxidation to afford oxygen at doped SnO2 coated titanium anodes has been investigated. Various industrial processes for the synthesis of phenol have been described.

Application

Phenol may be used in the preparation of phenol reagents which participates in the Berthelot color reaction for the quantification of ammonia. It may be used in the preparation of cresols, via Friedel-Crafts alkylation reaction.

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Muta. 2 - Skin Corr. 1B - STOT RE 2

storage_class_code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

174.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

79.0 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Tyman JHP.
Synthetic and Natural Phenols., 3-3 (1996)
Electrochemical oxidation of phenol at boron-doped diamond electrode.
Iniesta J, et al.
Electrochimica Acta, 46(23), 3573-3578 (2001)
Electrochemical oxidation of phenol for wastewater treatment using SnO2, anodes.
Comninellis C and Pulgarin C.
J. Appl. Electrochem., 23(2), 108-112 (1993)
Phenol-hypochlorite reaction for determination of ammonia.
Weatherburn M W.
Analytical Chemistry, 39(8), 971-974 (1967)
Thitiporn Anunthawan et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1848(6), 1352-1358 (2015-03-15)
We investigated the mechanisms of two tryptophan-rich antibacterial peptides (KT2 and RT2) obtained in a previous optimization screen for increased killing of both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria pathogens. At their minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs), these peptides completely killed cells of...

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