Acute toxicity to juvenile Pacific salmonids of Garlon 3A, Garlon 4, triclopyr, triclopyr ester, and their transformation products: 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol and 2-methoxy-3,5,6-trichloropyridine.
M T Wan et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 39(4), 721-728 (1987-10-01)
J A Johansen et al.
Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology, 19(4), 610-616 (1990-07-01)
The toxicity of Garlon4, the ethylene glycol butyl ether ester formulation of the herbicide tryclopyr, to juvenile coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) was investigated at several lethal and sublethal concentrations. Fish behavior, random activity and oxygen uptake were monitored. Coho salmon...
Triclopyr persistence in northern Idaho forest vegetation.
S G Whisenant et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 42(5), 660-665 (1989-05-01)
Acute toxicity of Garlon 4 and Roundup herbicides to salmon, Daphnia, and trout.
J A Servizi et al.
Bulletin of environmental contamination and toxicology, 39(1), 15-22 (1987-07-01)
Christopher A Nowak et al.
Environmental management, 36(2), 237-247 (2005-07-05)
There are a wide variety of different herbicide treatment methods used to remove single trees. Each method (cut-stump, basal, foliar) has a unique amount of off-target disturbance that should be considered in selecting a treatment for use in management. We...