398055

Sigma-Aldrich

Succinic acid

ACS reagent, ≥99.0%

Synonym(s):
Butanedioic acid
Linear Formula:
HOOCCH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
118.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1754069
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

assay

≥99.0%

impurities

≤0.001% N compounds
≤0.01% insolubles

ign. residue

≤0.02%

bp

235 °C (lit.)

mp

184-186 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 83 g/L at 25 °C

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.001%
phosphate (PO43-): ≤0.001%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.003%

cation traces

Fe: ≤5 ppm
heavy metals (as Pb): ≤5 ppm

SMILES string

OC(=O)CCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C4H6O4/c5-3(6)1-2-4(7)8/h1-2H2,(H,5,6)(H,7,8)

InChI key

KDYFGRWQOYBRFD-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Succinic acid, an organic acid is an important building block that has a wide range of synthetic applications. Presently it is synthesized from petrochemical compounds. Due to its increasing demand many bio-based methods have been proposed for its synthesis as an efficient alternative. Its utility as a low shrinkage additive (LSA) in unsaturated polyester resin (UPR) has been investigated.

Application

Succinic acid may be used in the following processes:
  • As a leaching agent in extracting lithium (Li), cobalt from used Li-ion batteries and magnesium from magnesite ore.
  • Synthesis of new elastic polyesters.
  • As a cocrystallising agent in the synthesis of cocrystals with organic molecules.

Packaging

500 g in poly bottle
1 kg in poly bottle

Legal Information

Redi-Dri is a trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

NONH for all modes of transport

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Succinic acid-based leaching system: A sustainable process for recovery of valuable metals from spent Li-ion batteries.
Li L, et al.
Journal of Power Sources, 282, 544-551 (2015)
Efficient, metal-free production of succinic acid by oxidation of biomass-derived levulinic acid with hydrogen peroxide.
Dutta S, et al.
Green Chemistry, 17(4), 2335-2338 (2015)
Synthesis and characterization of polyesters derived from glycerol, azelaic acid, and succinic acid.
Baharu MN, et al.
Green Chemistry Letters and Reviews, 8(1), 31-38 (2015)
Leaching of natural magnesite ore in succinic acid solutions.
Raza N, et al.
International Journal of Mineral Processing, 139, 25-30 (2015)
Effect of succinic acid on the shrinkage of unsaturated polyester resin.
Hong CM, et al.
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 132(2) (2015)

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