437581

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloroform

ACS reagent, ≥99.8%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1731042
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

grade

ACS reagent

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

contains

0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

packaging

PVC-coated bottle of 4x4 L

evapn. residue

≤0.001%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)
60.5-61.5 °C

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Pb: ≤0.05 ppm

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chloroform is a colorless, volatile chlorinated organic solvent whose vapors have narcotic effect. It is susceptible to degradation with time which can be suppressed by adding ethanol as a stabilizer. Since ethanol is added in higher concentration it leads to increase in polarity which may have a potential influence on some of the applications.

Application

Chloroform may be used in the following processes:
  • Synthesis of colloidal hydrophobic CdSe core nanocrystals (quantum dots).
  • Preparing phospholipid solutions.
  • As a solvent in the photolysis reaction of ruthenium complexes.
  • Solvent for recrystallization.
  • As a reference compound to detect the presence of chloroform in tobacco smokes.
  • As an extractant in solvent extraction process.

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

storage_class_code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

The affinity of two antimicrobial peptides derived from bovine milk proteins for model lipid membranes.
Barzyk W, et al.
Colloids and Surfaces. A, Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 343(1), 104-110 (2009)
Kinetics and Mechanism of the Photooxidation of Bis (bipyridine) dichlororuthenium (II) and the Photoreduction of Bis (bipyridine) dichlororuthenium (III) in Chloroform.
Sathiyabalan S and Hoggard PE.
Inorganic Chemistry, 34(18), 4562-4571 (1995)
Systematic studies on the breakdown of p,p'-DDT in tobacco smokes. Presence of methyl chloride, dichloromethane, and chloroform in tobacco smokes.
Chopra NM and Sherman LR.
Analytical Chemistry, 44(6), 1036-1038 (1972)
Engineering of ultra-small diagnostic nanoprobes through oriented conjugation of single-domain antibodies and quantum dots.
Sukhanova A, et al.
Protocol Exchange (2012)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 216-216 (1994)
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