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439142

Supelco

Chloroform

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.8%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

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Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein:
1731042
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

Assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

contains

0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

packaging

PVC-coated bottle of 4, 4x4 L

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

<0.01% water

evapn. residue

<0.0003%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.48 g/mL at 25 °C
1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Pb: ≤0.05 ppm

λ

H2O reference

UV absorption

λ: 245 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 255 nm Amax: 0.15
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.15
λ: 270 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 290-400 nm Amax: 0.01

application(s)

food and beverages

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
437581650498288306
Chloroform suitable for HPLC, &#8805;99.8%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Supelco

439142

Chloroform

Chloroform ACS reagent, &#8805;99.8%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

437581

Chloroform

Chloroform HPLC Plus, for HPLC, GC, and residue analysis, &#8805;99.9%, contains amylenes as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

650498

Chloroform

Chloroform anhydrous, &#8805;99%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Sigma-Aldrich

288306

Chloroform

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99.8%

assay

≥99.9%

assay

≥99%

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

form

liquid

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable, gas chromatography (GC): suitable

technique(s)

-

impurities

<0.01% water

impurities

-

impurities

≤0.02% water, ≤0.5 ppb Fluorescence (quinine) at 365 nm

impurities

<0.001% water, <0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

General description

Chloroform is a colorless, volatile chlorinated organic solvent whose vapors have a narcotic effect. It is susceptible to degradation with time, which can be suppressed by adding ethanol as a stabilizer. Since ethanol is added in higher concentration it leads to increase in polarity which may have a potential influence on some of the applications. Reports suggest that chloroform stabilized with ethanol reduces chances on creating artifacts during the chromatographic separation after extraction of anthracyclines from biological matrices.

Application

Chloroform was used as an organic phase in the methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration process for estimating the cationic surfactant content in high salinity brine.
It may be used as:
  • Solvent for electropolymerization.
  • Solvent for recrystallization.
  • Extractant in solvent extraction process.

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Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 Oral - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash


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Leyu Cui et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(22), 11055-11061 (2014-11-05)
The methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration method is a rapid and efficient method for determining the concentrations of anionic surfactants. The point at which the aqueous and chloroform phases appear equally blue is called Epton's end point. However, many inorganic
Solubility controlled electropolymerisation and study of the impact of regioregularity on the spectroelectrochemical properties of thin films of poly (3-octylthiophenes).
Jarosz T, et al.
Electrochimica Acta, 122, 66-71 (2014)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 216-216 (1994)
Traces of phosgene in chloroform: Consequences for extraction of anthracyclines.
Maudens KE, et al.
Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications, 848(2), 384-390 (2007)
Electrogenerated chemiluminescent emission from an organized (L-B) monolayer of a Ru(bpy)32+-based surfactant on semiconductor and metal electrodes.
Zhang X and Bard AJ.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry, 92(20), 5566-5569 (1988)

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