439142

Supelco

Chloroform

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.8%, contains 0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1731042
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

contains

0.5-1.0% ethanol as stabilizer

packaging

PVC-coated bottle of 4, 4x4 L

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

<0.01% water

evapn. residue

<0.0003%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.48 g/mL at 25 °C
1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Pb: ≤0.05 ppm

λ

H2O reference

UV absorption

λ: 245 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 255 nm Amax: 0.15
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.15
λ: 270 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 290-400 nm Amax: 0.01

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Chloroform is a colorless, volatile chlorinated organic solvent whose vapors have a narcotic effect. It is susceptible to degradation with time, which can be suppressed by adding ethanol as a stabilizer. Since ethanol is added in higher concentration it leads to increase in polarity which may have a potential influence on some of the applications. Reports suggest that chloroform stabilized with ethanol reduces chances on creating artifacts during the chromatographic separation after extraction of anthracyclines from biological matrices.

Application

Chloroform was used as an organic phase in the methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration process for estimating the cationic surfactant content in high salinity brine.
It may be used as:
  • Solvent for electropolymerization.
  • Solvent for recrystallization.
  • Extractant in solvent extraction process.

Packaging

4, 4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

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Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

storage_class_code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK Germany

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Solubility controlled electropolymerisation and study of the impact of regioregularity on the spectroelectrochemical properties of thin films of poly (3-octylthiophenes).
Jarosz T, et al.
Electrochimica Acta, 122, 66-71 (2014)
Leyu Cui et al.
Analytical chemistry, 86(22), 11055-11061 (2014-11-05)
The methylene blue (MB) two-phase titration method is a rapid and efficient method for determining the concentrations of anionic surfactants. The point at which the aqueous and chloroform phases appear equally blue is called Epton's end point. However, many inorganic...
Traces of phosgene in chloroform: Consequences for extraction of anthracyclines.
Maudens KE, et al.
Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications, 848(2), 384-390 (2007)
Eagleson M.
Concise Encyclopedia Chemistry, 216-216 (1994)
Analytical chemistry in a drop. Solvent extraction in a microdrop.
Liu H and Dasgupta PK.
Analytical Chemistry, 68(11), 1817-1821 (1996)

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