439177

Supelco

Hexane

suitable for HPLC, ≥95%

Synonym(s):
n-Hexane
Linear Formula:
CH3(CH2)4CH3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.18
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
1730733
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

~3 (vs air)

vapor pressure

256 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
5.2 psi ( 37.7 °C)
~132 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥95%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

453 °F

expl. lim.

7.7 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

<0.020% water

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.375 (lit.)

bp

69 °C (lit.)

mp

−95 °C (lit.)

solubility

ethanol: soluble(lit.)

density

0.659 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

λ

H2O reference

UV absorption

λ: 195 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 210 nm Amax: 0.30
λ: 220 nm Amax: 0.10
λ: 230 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 240 nm Amax: 0.02
λ: 250-400 nm Amax: 0.01

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

CCCCCC

InChI

1S/C6H14/c1-3-5-6-4-2/h3-6H2,1-2H3

InChI key

VLKZOEOYAKHREP-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Hexane (n-hexane) is an alkane hydrocarbon that can be obtained from petroleum by distillation. It can also be produced by electrolyzing the potassium butyrate solution. It is widely employed organic solvent for the dissolution and isolation of fats and oils. Its thermodynamic properties and kinetics of thermal decomposition have been studied over a range of temperature. A study on the zeolite supported platinum catalyzed isomerization and aromatization of n-hexane has been reported. Its removal from hexane contaminated air streams using vapor phase biological reactor (VPBR) immobilized with hexane-degrading Aspergillus niger strain has been studied. The metabolism of n-hexane forms 2,5-hexanedione (2,5-HD), which is reported to induce neurotoxicity.

Application

Hexane may be used in the following studies:
  • Preparation of graft-copolymer chains of poly-(dimethylsiloxane)-g-poly(methyl methacrylate).
  • GC/MS characterization of essential oils isolated from various origins.
  • As solvent for the preparation of samples and standards during chromatographic studies.
  • To extract free and total gossypol in combination with acetone from cottonseed flakes.

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

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Signal Word

Danger

hazcat

Aquatic Chronic 2 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 2 Inhalation - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system, Nervous system

storage_class_code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK Germany

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

-7.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

-22 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Reforming of hexane with Pt/zeolite catalysts.
Dai LX, et al.
Catalysis Letters, 45(1-2), 107-112 (1997)
VOCs removal from waste gases: gas-phase bioreactor for the abatement of hexane by Aspergillus niger.
Spigno G, et al.
Chemical Engineering Science, 58(3), 739-746 (2003)
The thermal decomposition of n-hexane.
Ebert KH, et al.
International Journal of Chemical Kinetics, 15(5), 475-502 (1983)
Thermodynamic properties of n-hexane.
Grigoryev BA, et al.
International Journal of Thermophysics, 9(3), 439-452 (1988)
Cottonseed extraction with mixtures of acetone and hexane.
Kuk MS, et al.
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 82(8), 609-612 (2005)

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