459836

Sigma-Aldrich

Ethyl alcohol, Pure

200 proof, anhydrous, ≥99.5%

Synonym(s):
absolute alcohol, non-denatured ethanol, Ethanol
Linear Formula:
CH3CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
46.07
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

anhydrous

vapor density

1.59 (vs air)

assay

≥99.5%

form

liquid

expl. lim.

3.1-27.7 %

availability

not available in (Sales restictions may apply)

concentration

200 proof

impurities

<0.005% water

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

color

colorless

pH

7 (20 °C, 10 g/L)

bp

78.3 °C

mp

-114 °C

density

0.789 g/mL at 20 °C

InChI

1S/C2H6O/c1-2-3/h3H,2H2,1H3

InChI key

LFQSCWFLJHTTHZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Pure ethyl alcohol is a non-denatured 200proof ethanol. Ethanol, a primary alcohol, is an important raw material for the synthesis of various compounds. It can be synthesized either from molasses by fermentation or by hydration of ethylene. It acts as a hydrogen source and reaction medium during the transfer hydrogenation of carbonyl compounds in the presence of sodium hydroxide. The impact of ethanol/water fumigation on the performance of diesel engines has been studied. Anhydrous grade solvents show extremely low percentage water and low residue levels.

Application

Ethanol has been used:
  • as a solvent for lovastatin.
  • as a solvent during the synthesis of (S)-4-hydroxy-2-keto-4-(2′-pyridyl)butyrate.
  • to fix tissue sections on a slide during laser capture microdissection (LCM).

Packaging

100, 12×100, 500 mL in Sure/Seal™
1, 6×1, 2, 4×2 L in Sure/Seal™
20, 200 L in Pure-Pac™ 2

Other Notes

Sales restrictions may apply
Pure-Pac® II containers require the Micromatic MacroValve coupler for dispensing solvents, Z560723.

Legal Information

Pure-Pac is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Pictograms

FlameExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

RIDADR

UN1170 - class 3 - PG 2 - Ethanol

WGK Germany

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

55.4 °F

Flash Point(C)

13 °C

  1. Which document(s) contains shelf-life or expiration date information for a given product?

    If available for a given product, the recommended re-test date or the expiration date can be found on the Certificate of Analysis.

  2. How do I get lot-specific information or a Certificate of Analysis?

    The lot specific COA document can be found by entering the lot number above under the "Documents" section.

  3. Who do I contact about larger solvent volume needs?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com or visit Sigma-Aldrich Fine Chemicals for development and manufacturing-scale inquiries: safcglobal@sial.com

  4. How do I know what packaging options are available for a solvent?

    The Solvent Center gives you the ability to review all the specifications associated with our solvent packaging. This includes physical dimensions, closure types, dispensing methods, UN/DOT Rating as well as solvent compatibility. Visit the Solvent Center.

  5. Who do I contact if I need a solvent blend, which you do not carry?

    Email us at labessentials@sial.com. For a complete listing of all our Solvent blends, visit the Solvent Center

  6. The dispensing of solvents provides some challenges due to the number of container options available. What dispensing options are available for each container?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Center provides numerous dispensing options for each container type. For a complete listing of all our dispensing options, visit the Solvent Center.

  7. Which solvent grade should I be using for my application?

    Sigma-Aldrich Solvent Applications Table gives a guideline to common applications and the appropriate solvent grades.  Visit: Solvents

  8. What are the options for drying solvents? 

    Sigma-Aldrich offers a full range of high-purity solvents with extremely low water levels specifically manufactured for moisture sensitive Organic and Biotech applications.  Sigma-Aldrich also carries various drying agents such as molecular sieves, which are typically compatible with organic solvents.

  9. What apparatus do you recommend for HPLC solvent filtration?

    The Sigma-Aldrich Vacuum Filtration Assembly gives you all the components you need including: funnel top, fritted glass funnel support, filtration flask, aluminum clamp, and silicone stopper.  The Acrodisc Syringe Filters offer high quality filtration for analytical samples, certified for HPLC to ensure low extractable and available in a broad range of membranes to meet sample compatibility requirements.

  10. Can you recommend a Solvent Extractor for organics from aqueous solution?

    Solvent extractors are often used for the quantitative extraction of organics from aqueous solutions and separations in immunoassays. The MIXXOR system has been applied successfully in many laboratory solvent extraction operations and is ideal for the rapid screening of alternative solvents for specific extraction problems.

J Harry Sweigard et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 28(7), 3171-3182 (2014-03-29)
A defining feature in proliferative retinopathies is the formation of pathological neovessels. In these diseases, the balance between neovessel formation and regression determines blindness, making the modulation of neovessel growth highly desirable. The role of the immune system in these...
Won Jong Kim et al.
Cell host & microbe, 26(2), 228-239 (2019-08-06)
The mucosa is colonized with commensal Neisseria. Some of these niches are sites of infection for the STD pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ngo). Given the antagonistic behavior of commensal bacteria toward their pathogenic relatives, we hypothesized that commensal Neisseria may negatively...
Matthew J Walters et al.
Nature protocols, 2(7), 1825-1830 (2007-07-21)
A procedure for the preparation of optically pure alpha-keto-gamma-hydroxy carboxylic acids through stereospecific aldol addition catalyzed by pyruvate aldolases from the Entner-Doudoroff and the DeLey-Doudoroff glycolytic pathways is described. This highly versatile fragment serves as a precursor for a variety...
Sukant Khurana et al.
Chemical senses, 38(4), 315-323 (2013-02-01)
We studied complete dose-response curves for 53 odorants in the third instar larvae of Drosophila melanogaster. All odorants, except one, elicited an attraction response. Some odorants also elicited a decrease from their peak response at higher concentrations. This concentration-dependent decrease...
Sodium hydroxide-catalyzed transfer hydrogenation of carbonyl compounds and nitroarenes using ethanol or isopropanol as both solvent and hydrogen donor.
Wang D, et al.
J. Mol. Catal. A: Chem., 400, 14-21 (2015)
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