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49779

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycerol

tested according to Ph. Eur., anhydrous

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Synonym(s):
Glycerolum, 1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09
Beilstein/REAXYS Number:
635685
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

agency

USP/NF
tested according to Ph. Eur.

Quality Level

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

698 °F

refractive index

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

density

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

InChI key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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This Item
G6279G9012G5516
vibrant-m

49779

Glycerol

-
vibrant-m

G6279

Glycerol

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

G9012

Glycerol

-
vibrant-m

G5516

Glycerol

-
form

liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

form

viscous liquid

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

agency

USP/NF

agency

-

agency

-

agency

-

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

General description

Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.

Application

Glycerol has been used as
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Storage Class

10 - Combustible liquids

wgk_germany

WGK 1

flash_point_f

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

flash_point_c

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup

ppe

Eyeshields, Gloves


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The mechanism of the protective action of glycerol against haemolysis by freezing and thawing.
J E LOVELOCK
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 11(1), 28-36 (1953-05-01)
Nafiseh Masoumi et al.
Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A, 101(1), 104-114 (2012-07-25)
Microfabricated poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) scaffolds may be applicable to tissue engineering heart valve leaflets by virtue of their controllable microstructure, stiffness, and elasticity. In this study, PGS scaffolds were computationally designed and microfabricated by laser ablation to match the anisotropy
Hovsep Mahdessian et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(24), 8913-8918 (2014-06-14)
Genome-wide association studies have identified a locus on chromosome 19 associated with plasma triglyceride (TG) concentration and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. However, the identity and functional role of the gene(s) responsible for these associations remain unknown. Of 19 expressed genes
Shelley L Forrest et al.
The Journal of comparative neurology, 522(17), 3900-3927 (2014-07-22)
Artemin is a member of the glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) family that has been strongly implicated in development and regeneration of autonomic nerves and modulation of nociception. Whereas other members of this family (GDNF and neurturin) primarily target
Tian Qiu et al.
Nature communications, 5, 5119-5119 (2014-11-05)
Biological microorganisms swim with flagella and cilia that execute nonreciprocal motions for low Reynolds number (Re) propulsion in viscous fluids. This symmetry requirement is a consequence of Purcell's scallop theorem, which complicates the actuation scheme needed by microswimmers. However, most

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