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648531

Sigma-Aldrich

N,N-Dimethylformamide

suitable for HPLC, ≥99.9%

Synonym(s):
DMF, NSC 5356
Linear Formula:
HCON(CH3)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
73.09
Beilstein:
605365
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level

vapor density

2.5 (vs air)

vapor pressure

2.7 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.9%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

833 °F

expl. lim.

15.2 %

application(s)

HPLC: suitable

impurities

≤0.030% water

evapn. residue

≤0.0005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.430 (lit.)

bp

153 °C (lit.)

mp

−61 °C (lit.)

density

0.944 g/mL (lit.)

absorption

0.010 at 340 nm
0.010 at 400 nm
0.05 at 310 nm
0.10 at 295 nm
0.30 at 275 nm
1.00 at 270 nm

Featured Industry

Food and Beverages

SMILES string

[H]C(=O)N(C)C

InChI

1S/C3H7NO/c1-4(2)3-5/h3H,1-2H3

InChI key

ZMXDDKWLCZADIW-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

N,N-Dimethylformamide (DMF) is the commonly employed solvent for chemical reactions. DMF is a useful solvent employed for the isolation of chlorophyll from plant tissues. It is widely employed reagent in organic synthesis. It plays multiple roles in various reactions such as solvent, dehydrating agent, reducing agent as well as catalyst. It is a multipurpose building block for the synthesis of compounds containing O, -CO, -NMe2, -CONMe2, -Me, -CHO as functional groups. Dielectric relaxation experiments on DMF have been conducted between 238.15K and 338.15K. The thermophysical properties of the molecular interactions between DMF and the ionic liquids, ammonium salts and imidazolium salts have been studied. The characteristics of solute-solvent interactions between ammonium nitrate and DMF have been investigated.

Packaging

4×4 L in PVC-coated bottle

Application

Solvent for many hydrophobic organic compounds.

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Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Repr. 1B

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

135.5 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

57.5 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Synthesis and electrochemical characterization of aPEO-based polymer electrolytes.
Rodrigues LC, et al.
Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, 16(4), 1623-1629 (2012)
Measurements and molecular interactions for N,N-dimethylformamide with ionic liquid mixed solvents.
Attri P, et al.
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 114(18), 6126-6133 (2010)
The dynamics of liquid formamide, N-methylformamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, and N,N-dimethylacetamide. A dielectric relaxation study.
Barthel J, et al.
Journal of Molecular Liquids, 98, 51-69 (2002)
Volumetric properties of ammonium nitrate in N,N-dimethylformamide.
Vranes M, et al.
The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 54, 245-249 (2012)
W P Inskeep et al.
Plant physiology, 77(2), 483-485 (1985-02-01)
We found inconsistencies in the commonly used data for chlorophyll analysis in 80% acetone. Recently developed extinction coefficients for chlorophyll b in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) based on values from 80% acetone are low as a result of these inconsistencies. We determined...

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